Persimmon is a U.S.native tree that is easily recognized in winter by its rugged, blocky bark. Female trees produce fruit that are edible after the first frost.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway,
- Wide median
- Shade tree,
- Large tree (more than 40 feet),
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- May be difficult to find in nurseries,
- Messy fruit/plant parts
- Spring blossoms,
- Fall color,
- Edible fruit,
- Fragrant flowers,
- Attractive bark
- Early winter,
- Mid winter,
- Late winter,
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall,
- Late fall
- Game birds,
- Insect pollinators,
- Small mammals,
Tree & Plant Care
Persimmon can sucker from the roots, increasing the maintenance of this tree.
This species has separate male and female trees; female trees produce fruit which can be messy; male trees are available.
May be difficult to transplant due to a taproot.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious pests.
Root suckering can be a management problem.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the southern United States up through southern Illinois.
Bark color and texture
Bark is rugged and deeply divided into small blocks.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves with entire margins; 2 to 5 inches long.
Dark green in summer and yellow to reddish-purple in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Male and female flowers on separate trees; both flowers small, creamy white and fragrant; urn-shaped; late spring into early summer.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Female tree produce orange berries about 1 inch in diameter; fruit are attractive but messy; edible after frost.