Nannyberry, which is grown either as a large shrub or a small tree, is great for naturalizing. This Midwest native is typically found in woodlands and wood edges, known for its dark, lustrous green leaves which turn maroon-red in the fall.
- Chicago area
- North America
- Mixed border
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Alkaline soil
- Dry soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Late spring
- Late summer
- Early fall
- Mid fall
Size & form
15 to 20 feet high and 10 to 15 feet wide.
Small tree to multi-stemmed shrub with slightly arching branches and suckering habit.
Tree & Plant Care
Very adaptable from full sun to shade, from dry sites to moist, wet sites.
Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering to maintain size and shape.
Moderate degree of salt tolerance.
Disease, pests, and problems
Viburnum crown borer is a potential problem.
Native geographic location and habitat
Found in wet to poorly drained site, bogs, prairie habitats and wood edges.
New Brunswick south to Georgia and west to Manitoba and Colorado
Attracts birds & butterflies
Birds are attracted to the fruit that ripens in the fall and often persists into December.
This plant is a caterpillar and larva host to the spring azure butterfly.
Bark color and texture
Bark is dark, brownish-black with a blocky appearance
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Opposite, long, oval shaped leaves with slightly toothed, wavy edges and a winged leafstalk.
Glossy dark green with a lighter underside changing to reddish-purple fall color.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Small, creamy white flowers in 4 1/4-inch, flat-topped to slightly domed clusters. Flowers have no fragrance.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Berry-like fruit (drupes) starting out yellow and red and maturing to blue or black.