Meyer lilac is a compact shrub with highly fragrant, lavender flowers and small ruffled leaves. It is fairly resistant to powdery mildew. Place near a patio or sidewalk where the intoxicating fragrance can be enjoyed.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Mixed border,
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Moist, well-drained soil
Season of Interest:
- Mid spring,
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & form
A compact, oval shrub reaching 4 to 8 feet high and 6 to 10 feet wide
Tree & Plant Care
Relatively low maintenance for a lilac
Best in full sun to light shade in well-drained soil.
Tolerant to poor, dry soil, pH and heat or drought once established.
Tolerant to aerial salt.
Prune after flowering.
Disease, pests, and problems
Flower buds emerge early in spring and can be susceptible to frost injury
More resistant to powdery mildew, except in really wet summers.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Opposite, simple leaves about 1-inch long with slightly wavy margins/ Dark green turning yellow in the fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Prolific, lavender to purple flowers, densely packed in 4-inch cluster. Blooms in early May. Highly fragrant.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Dry, brown capsule persistent into winter, not showy.
Cultivars and their differences
Palibin Dwarf lilac (Syringa meyeri 'Palibin'): Popular in the nursery trade. A compact, form reaching 4 to 5 feet high and 5 to 7 feet wide. Reddish buds open to whitish pink flowers. Ruffled, green leaves turn a reddish purple fall color.
Sugar Plum Fairy® lilac (Syringa 'Bailsugar'): A hybrid lilac introduced as part of the Fairytale® Series from Bailey Nursery. A rounded, compact lilac reaching 4 to 5 feet high and wide; fragrant rosy lilac flowers, will rebloom sporadically in summer.
Tinkerbelle®lilac (Syringa 'Bailbelle'): A hybrid lilac introduced as part of the Fairytale® Series from Bailey Nursery. An upright, 5-6 feet high and 4-5 feet wide dwarf lilac with spicy fragrance and wine-red flower buds that open to pink.