Little-leaved linden is a great shade tree for lawns or parkway plantings in urban settings due to its ability to withstand polluted environments. It has shiny dark green leaves that turn a clear yellow in fall, and in summer it has dangling, fragrant pale yellow flowers. This tree is prone to attack by Japanese beetles.
- Residential and parks
- City parkway
- Wide median
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Acid soil
- Alkaline soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Moderately Tolerant
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Summer blossoms
- Fall color
- Fragrant flowers
- Persistent fruit/seeds
- Early summer
- Insect pollinators
Tree & Plant Care
- must be watered during dry periods
- benefits from a mulch layer to maintain a cool root environment.
Disease, pests, and problems
- affected by aphids and Japanese beetles
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
- pollution tolerant
Native geographic location and habitat
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
- caterpillar and larval host for the question mark butterfly.
Bark color and texture
- Color: gray-brown
- Texture: ridged and furrowed
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
- Size: 1 ½ - 3” long and wide
- Shape: cordate
- Texture: medium texture
- Color: shiny dark green
- Fall Color: clear yellow
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
- Size: 2-3” with 1 ½-3 ½” long and 3/8”-3/4” wide floral bract
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
- Type: A fuzzy, rounded gray nutlet is attached to a papery bract.
Cultivars and their differences
Tilia cordata ‘Chancellor’ (Chancellor Little-Leaved Linden): This cultivar is more compact than the species (50 feet tall rather than 70 feet). The habit is upright in youth and more pyramidal when mature.
Tilia cordata ‘Greenspire’ (Greenspire Little-Leaved Linden): This cultivar also grows shorter than the species (50 feet). The habit is a neat pyramidal shape with a central leader
Tilia cordata ‘Glenleven’ (Glenleven Yellowish Linden): This is now classified as Tilia x flavenscens 'Glenleven'. Faster growing with a straigth trunk and more open habit.