This vigorous, shade-loving ground cover has broad green leaves and stands 6 to 8 inches tall. In mid-spring, charming white bell-shaped flowers with a sweet scent dangle along short stems. Lily-of-the-valley spreads rapidly by sprouting from underground stems and may crowd out other plants.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Ground cover,
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Mixed border,
- Small plant (6-12 inches),
- Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Zone 2,
- Zone 3,
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
Season of Interest:
- Early spring,
- Mid spring,
- Late spring
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size and Form
6 to 8 inches tall; this is a colony-forming ground cover that will spread rapidly. Colonizing ground covers produce underground stems that spread out horizontally and shallowly, produce roots and then send up new shoots. These plants are strong growers and may have the potential to grow aggressively.
Tree & Plant Care
An old-fashioned aggressive ground cover. Tolerant of most soil types, but best in well-drained loamy soil. Tolerant of drought.
If flower productions decreases over time, divide clumps.
Can crowd out other plants.
Disease, pests and problems
Anthracnose (fungus) and slugs can be problematic.
This plant grows very aggressively.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Elongated leaves in groups of twos and threes; entire leaf edges.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Tiny white, bell-shaped waxy flowers appear on erect green stalks in spring; very fragrant.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Flowers may be followed by orange berries later in season. These berries are poisonous.