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TREES & plants

Korean Boxwood

Korean boxwood in winter.

Korean boxwood is a small, mounded, broad-leaf evergreen shrub with small, glossy, light green leaves and a broad uniform formal habit.

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

 

Botanical name: 
Buxus microphylla var. koreana
All Common Names: 
Korean boxwood, Littleleaf boxwood
Family (English): 
Boxwood
Family (Botanic): 
Buxaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Hedge
  • Foundation
  • Mixed border
  • Patio/sidewalk
  • Container
Size Range: 
  • Small shrub (3-5 feet)
  • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Foliage: 
  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)
Season of Interest: 
  • Early winter
  • Mid winter
  • Late winter
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Inconspicuous
  • Fragrant
Shape or Form: 
  • Mounded
Growth Rate: 
  • Slow
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care

Grows 2 to 2 1/2 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide; form is mounded but somewhat open.
Best in full sun or part shade. 
Tolerant of most soil types but needs good drainage.
Mulch to keep root system cool and moist.
Protect evergreen foliage from drying winds, especially in winter.

Tolerant of pruning and shearing.
An extremely hardy plant that is a good choice for northern climates.

Disease, pests and problems

Psyllids and leaf miners are possible insect problems.
Root rot can be a problem in wet soils.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Asia.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, opposite oval leaves
Bright green foliage in summer turns brownish yellow in winter

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Inconspicuous, but fragrant

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Small, dry capsule; not ornamentally important

Cultivars and their differences 

Wintergreen (Buxus microphylla var. koreana 'Wintergreen'): 2 to 3 feet high and wide, compact form. Maintains good green color in winter than the species.