Japanese white pine is a dense, slow-growing evergreen with a smaller stature which makes it an excellent specimen for small landscapes or space restrictions.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Clay soil
- Road salt
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Early winter
- Mid winter
- Late winter
- Early spring
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Early summer
- Mid summer
- Late summer
- Early fall
- Mid fall
- Late fall
Size & Form
A 25 to 50 feet tall and wide evergreen tree.
Young trees are dense and conical, becoming more flat-topped with age.
Lower branches are shorter than upper branches.
Tree & Plant Care
Best in full sun, relatively tolerant of most soils as long as well-drained.
Somewhat tolerant of salt.
Disease, pests, and problems
Can suffer from insect, disease when stressed.
Susceptible to a number of diseases including Diplodia tip blight, needle casts, and pine wilt.
Susceptible to a number of pests including pine sawfly, pine needle scale and Zimmerman pine moth.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Japan
Bark color and texture
Smooth, gray-green when young, older bark dark gray, and scaly.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Fine textured, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, bluish-green needles are in bundles of 5.
Needle are stiff and twisted and appear brush-like tufts on strong horizontal branches.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Monoecious, small, yellow-green flowers in clusters in May
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
The 2 to 4 inch long cylindrical cones are thick, leathery, near terminal ends of branches.
Cones are abundant, even on young trees and persist for years on the tree.