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TREES & plants

Japanese umbrella-pine

Needles of Japanese umbrella-pine.

Japanese umbrella-pine is not a true pine, but it is a needled evergreen.  In northern Illinois, this tree is marginal and should be planted in protected site.  Wind can be a problem in winter, so avoid windy sites.

Botanical name: 
Sciadopitys verticillata
All Common Names: 
Japanese umbrella-pine, umbrella-pine
Family (English): 
Umbrella-pine
Family (Botanic): 
Sciadopityaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Planting Site: 
  • Residential and parks
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
Size Range: 
  • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
Mature Height: 
20-30 feet
Mature Width: 
15-20 feet
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5 (Chicago), 
  • Zone 6, 
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil, 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Acid Soils: 
  • Requires
Alkaline Soils: 
  • Intolerant
Salt Spray: 
  • Tolerant
Soil Salt: 
  • Tolerant
Drought Conditions: 
  • Intolerant
Poor Drainage: 
  • Tolerant
Planting Considerations: 
  • May be difficult to find in nurseries
Ornamental Interest: 
  • Attractive bark
Season of Interest: 
  • Early winter, 
  • Mid winter, 
  • Late winter, 
  • Early spring, 
  • Mid spring, 
  • Late spring, 
  • Early summer, 
  • Mid summer, 
  • Late summer, 
  • Early fall, 
  • Mid fall, 
  • Late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Inconspicuous
Shape or Form: 
  • Pyramidal
Growth Rate: 
  • Slow
Transplants Well: 
  • Yes
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care

Soil must be consistently moist.  Protect this tree from wind.  Plant in protected sites.

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious problems.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Japan.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is exfoliating (peeling); reddish-brown in color.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Evergreen needles, dark green and arranged in clusters that mimic the spokes of an umbrella.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Inconspicuous and not ornamentally important.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Upright, green, oval cones maturing to brown.  Up to 4 inches tall.

Sciadopitys verticillata or Japanese umbrella-pine