Japanese flowering quince is a low-growing, spring-flowering shrub with dark green shiny leaves. Growth habit changes with cultivars often reaching 3 to 4 feet high. Bright orange-scarlet flowers appear after the leaves emerge. Most stems have thorns, so avoid planting near sidewalk and heavy traffic areas.
- Mixed border
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Dangerous thorns,
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Spring blossoms
- Early spring
Tree & Plant Care
Adaptable, easy to grow shrub. Best in full sun for good flowering display, but tolerant of part shade.
Avoid high pH soils.
Spreading habit, stems become tangles and unkempt, rejuvenate every few years to maintain form.
May be difficult to find in nurseries.
Disease, pests, and problems
Chlorosis in high pH soil.
leaf spots, fireblight, scab, and aphids
Native geographic location and habitat
China and Japan
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Flowers attract early pollinators.
Bark color and texture
Dark grey stems with spiny thorns, with a somewhat zig-zag pattern.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, simple, 1 to 2 inches long, dark-green, obovate-shaped with serrated edges.
Petioles have stipules.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Bright orange-red, 1-11/2 inch flowers in early spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Apple-like, 1 to 2 inch diameter, yellow-green pome. Fruit is fragrant, astringent and used to make jams and jellies.