Japanese flowering crabapple

Crabapple flowers.

A small ornamental tree known for its showy, bright pink buds that open to fragrant white flowers. Japanese flowering crabapple has an irregular,spreading branch habit as it ages, showy, persistent yellow-red fruits and good disease resistance. Use as a specimen tree, in small groups, or a mixed border.


Botanical name:

Malus floribunda

All Common Names:

Japanese flowering crabapple

Family (English):


Family (Botanic):


Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree


  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Massing,
  • Patio/sidewalk,
  • Screen,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • Small tree (15-25 feet)

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7

Soil Preference:

  • Moist, well-drained soil

Season of Interest:

  • Mid spring,
  • Late spring,
  • Late summer,
  • Early fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Fragrant,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Broad,
  • Irregular,
  • Multi-stemmed,
  • Upright

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

Crabapples are adaptable to most soil conditions but prefer full sun in moist, well-drained soil.
Light pruning may be required to keep plants healthy or correct structural problems. Thinning crown allows light into center for better flowering.
Remove dead, diseased and crossing branches at any time.
Suckers from the base are problems with many crabapples, prune as close to ground as possible.

Disease, pests, and problems

Japanese flowering crab is slightly susceptible to scab and mildew.

Moderate susceptibility to borers, and fire blight.

Good resistance to Japanese beetles.

Native geographic location and habitat


Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Dark green leaves are alternate, simple, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long with serrated margins.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Pink buds open to the white flowers.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Fruit is 3/8-inch, yellow and red.


Location of Malus floribunda (Japanese flowering crabapple) at the Arboretum