Italian clematis is a species of clematis with purple or violet flowers that are shaped like hanging bells.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- Ground cover,
- Large plant (more than 24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Acid soil,
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Early summer,
- Mid summer
Size and Method of Climbing
Italian clematis is a relatively smallvine growing abotu 10-12 feet long. It is twining vine (and also have twining petioles). Twining vines climb by twisting their stems or leaf stalks around a support. This type of vine grows well on trellises, arbors, wires or chain-link fences.
Full sun to partial sun (some shade during the day can be beneficial in hot summers).
Mulch to keep roots cool.
Moist well-drained soils. Tolerate of a wide range of soil pH.
Flowers on new wood, so it should be pruned in winter or early spring.
Disease, pests, and problems
Leaf spots are common among clematis as is stem wilt (wilt being the more serious problem).
Powdery mildew can also occur.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Italy and Turkey.
Leaves are opposite and pinnately divided.
Flowers are purple to violet in color. The are bell-shaped and composed of 4 petal-like sepals.
The fruits are groups of achenes, each with a short tail.
Cultivars and their differences
These cultivars all have Clematis viticella parentage.
Etoile Violette Clematis (Clematis 'Etoile Violette'): Deep purple flowers, produced in abundance.
Pink Mink® Clematis (Clematis 'Krakowiak'): Pink flowers with deeper pink stripes.
Polish Spirit Clematis (Clematis 'Polish Spirit'): Flowers heavily and for much of the season.
Purpurea Plena Elegans Clematis (Clematis 'Purpurea Plena Elegans'): Doubled flowered cultivar; rose-purple color.
Venosa Violacea Clematis (Clematis 'Venosa Violacea'): Flowers have a white background with blue-purple veins and margins.