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TREES & Plants

Hybrid witch-hazels

A number of hybrids have been bred between Chinese witch-hazel (Hamamelis mollis) and Japanese witch-hazel (Hamamelis japonica). These large shrubs have interesting confettilike flowers, usually in shades of yellow to red, in late winter or very early spring before the leaves appear.

Botanical name: 
Hamamelis x intermedia
All Common Names: 
witch-hazel, witch hazel, hybrid witch hazel, hybrid witch-hazel
Family (English): 
witch-hazel
Family (Botanic): 
Hamamelidaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Clay soil
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • Orange
  • Red
  • Yellow
Size Range: 
  • Compact tree (10-15 feet)
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Spreading
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
Time of Year: 
  • Late winter
  • Early spring
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
More Information: 

Size and Form

Height varies by cultivar; usually a spreading form.

Tree & Plant Care

Root suckers may need to be removed to control size.
Prune after flowering.

Disease, pests and problems

No serious problems.

Native geographic location and habitat

Hybrids between Japanese and Chinese species of witch-hazel.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is gray and relatively smooth.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate leaves; ovoid shape with widely toothed margins; 3 to 6 inches long.
Leaves are gray-green in summer.  Fall color is yellow, orange and sometimes red, depending on cultivar.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Flowers may be yellow, red or orange (copper); with 4 strap-like petals.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Fruit is a dry capsule.

Cultivars and their differences 

Arnold Promise (Hamamelis x intermedia 'Arnold Promise'): Fragrant lemon-yellow flowers with a red calyx; yellow-orange-red fall color; height and spread 12 to 15 feet; tends to be vase-shaped; flowers a little later than other cultivars.

Diane  (Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane'): Wide-spreading; height 8 to 12 feet, spread 10 to 15 feet; copper-red, slightly fragrant flowers; dark green summer leaves; yellow-orange-red fall color.