A number of hybrids have been bred between Chinese witch-hazel (Hamamelis mollis) and Japanese witch-hazel (Hamamelis japonica). These large shrubs have interesting confettilike flowers, usually in shades of yellow to red, in late winter or very early spring before the leaves appear.
- Mixed border
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Zone 9
- Acid soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Late winter
- Early spring
- Early fall
- Mid fall
Size and Form
Height varies by cultivar; usually a spreading form.
Tree & Plant Care
Root suckers may need to be removed to control size.
Prune after flowering.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Resistant to black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Hybrids between Japanese and Chinese species of witch-hazel.
Bark color and texture
Bark is gray and relatively smooth.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves; ovoid shape with widely toothed margins; 3 to 6 inches long.
Leaves are gray-green in summer. Fall color is yellow, orange and sometimes red, depending on cultivar.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers may be yellow, red or orange (copper); with 4 strap-like petals.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit is a dry capsule.
Cultivars and their differences
Arnold Promise (Hamamelis x intermedia 'Arnold Promise'): Fragrant lemon-yellow flowers with a red calyx; yellow-orange-red fall color; height and spread 12 to 15 feet; tends to be vase-shaped; flowers a little later than other cultivars.
Diane (Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane'): Wide-spreading; height 8 to 12 feet, spread 10 to 15 feet; copper-red, slightly fragrant flowers; dark green summer leaves; yellow-orange-red fall color.