Hinoki-cypress has dark green needles on graceful spreading branches that droop at the ends and attractive red peeling bark. A number of dwarf and compact cultivars add accent in the garden.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)
- Mixed border
- Early winter
- Mid winter
- Late winter
Size and Form
50 to 75 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide; pyramidal form; cultivars vary in shape and size.
Tree & Plant Care
Unique textures and array of foliage colors make cultivars of this species excellent accents in the garden.
Keep soil moist; protect from wind.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Japan.
Bark color and texture
Reddish-brown and sheds in narrow strips.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, two needle types, flattened stems, dark green in color with a white X-like line on underside.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Small orange-brown cones, on short stalks.
Cultivars and their differences
Compact hinoki-cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Compacta’): 6 to 8 feet high and 4 to 6 feet wide; upright form
Dwarf hinoki-cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana'): 1 to 2 feet high and wide; irregularly rounded, dark green
Dwarf slender hinoki-cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Nana Gracilis’): 4 to 5 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide; irregular when young, becoming upright with age