Hinoki-cypress has dark green needles on graceful spreading branches that droop at the ends and attractive red peeling bark. A number of dwarf and compact cultivars add accent in the garden.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Mixed border,
- Medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet),
- Compact tree (10-15 feet),
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
- Small shrub (3-5 feet),
- Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Early winter,
- Mid winter,
- Late winter,
- Early spring,
- Mid spring,
- Late spring,
- Early summer,
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall,
- Late fall
Size and Form
50 to 75 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide; pyramidal form; cultivars vary in shape and size.
Tree & Plant Care
Unique textures and array of foliage colors make cultivars of this species excellent accents in the garden.
Keep soil moist; protect from wind.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Japan.
Bark color and texture
Reddish-brown and sheds in narrow strips.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, two needle types, flattened stems, dark green in color with a white X-like line on underside.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Inconspicuous. Male and female flowers on same plant but in different structures.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Small brown cones, on short stalks.
Cultivars and their differences
Dwarf hinoki-cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana'): 1 to 2 feet high and wide; irregularly rounded, dark green.
Dwarf slender hinoki-cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Nana Gracilis’): 4 to 5 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide; irregular when young, becoming upright with age.