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TREES & Plants

Higan Cherry

Higan cherry is a fast growing, intermediate-sized tree known for its early pink to white flowers in spring.  The weeping form is most popular in the nursery trade.

Botanical name: 
Prunus subhirtella
All Common Names: 
Higan Cherry, Rosebud cherry, Spring cherry
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
Growth Rate: 
  • Fast
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Occasional drought
  • Alkaline soil
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Pink
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Medium tree (25-40 feet)
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Rounded
  • Weeping
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
Time of Year: 
  • Early spring
More Information: 

Size & Form

A 30 to 40 foot high and wide tree with a rounded habit
Tree & Plant Care
Needs full sun for best flowering,
Prefers a well-drained soil, pH adaptable
E
asily transplanted
P
rune after flowering in spring
Cold tolerant 

Disease, pests, and problems

Short-lived, susceptible to many insest and diseases when stressed

Native geographic location and habitat
Japan

Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife

Birds are attarcted to the late season fruit

Bark color and texture 

Shiny, reddish brown bark with long horizontal lenticels
Bark often peeling and curled

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Alternate leaf arrangement with simple, deciduous leaves
Linear to ovate leaf shape about 1 to 4 inches long and 2 inches wide.
Dark green leaf color changing to orange red fall color.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Single, pink flowers bloom before the leaves emerge. The 1/2 inch diameter flowers are borne in umbels with 2 to 5 flowers each

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Red fruits are oval maturing to black

Cultivars and their differences 

Weeping Higan Cherry  (Prunus subhirtella ‘Pendula’ )  This cultivar is grafted onto a  straight understock reaching 25 to 30 feet high and 35 feet wide. The pendulous oval growth becomes more mounded with age. Clear pink flowers before the leaes emerge.