Hedge maples have invasive traits that enable them to spread aggressively. While these trees have demonstrated invasive traits, there is insufficient supporting research to declare them so pervasive that they cannot be recommended for any planting sites. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting these trees for planting sites. Hedge maple is a broad-rounded tree that is useful as a specimen or, in groups, as a hedge. It can tolerate part shade, especially when young, and prefers moist, well-drained soil. It is relatively salt-tolerant, so it can be used near sidewalks and driveways. The leaves turn greenish yellow in fall.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Commonly planted
- Fall color
- Insect pollinators,
- Small mammals
Tree & Plant Care
Avoid pruning in early spring as maples are 'bleeders' and will lose large amounts of sap.
Disease, pests, and problems
Verticillium wilt (fungus) is a potential problem for maples.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of compaction, salt and air pollution.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe and Africa.
Bark color and texture
Bark is dark gray to gray-black and is lightly ridged and furrowed.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple leaves in pairs (opposite); 2 to 4 inches long.
Leaves dark green and lobed.
Fall color is mild yellow to yellow-green.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers green and in clusters; fairly inconspicuous.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruit are winged seeds in pairs (samaras); wings spread at a 180 degree angle from one another.
Cultivars and their differences
Royal Ruby hedge maple (Acer campestre 'Royal Ruby'): New foliage emerges ruby red and then changes to dark green in summer.