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TREES & Plants

Hedge Maple

Hedge maple is a broad-rounded tree that is useful as a specimen or, in groups, as a hedge. It can tolerate part shade, especially when young, and prefers moist, well-drained soil. It is relatively salt-tolerant, so it can be used near sidewalks and driveways. The leaves turn greenish yellow in fall.   Hedge maple is showing potential to become invasive in some areas and should be used with care.

Botanical name: 
Acer campestre
All Common Names: 
Hedge Maple, Field Maple
Family (English): 
Soapberry (formerly Maple)
Family (Botanic): 
Sapindaceae (formerly Aceraceae)
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
Growth Rate: 
  • Slow
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Dry sites
  • Alkaline soil
  • Road salt
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Inconspicuous
Size Range: 
  • Medium tree (25-40 feet)
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Rounded
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Shade
  • Hedge
  • Parkway/street
  • Screen
More Information: 

Size and Form

25 to 35 feet high and wide; rounded shape

Tree & Plant Care

Avoid pruning in early spring as maples are 'bleeders' and will lose large amounts of sap.

Disease, pests, and problems

Verticillium wilt (fungus) is a potential problem for maples

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of compaction, salt and air pollution

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Europe and Africa

Bark color and texture 

Bark is dark gray to gray-black
Lightly ridged and furrowed

Hedge maple (Acer campestre)Hedge maple (Acer campestre)photo: John Hagstrom

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple leaves in pairs (opposite); 2 to 4 inches long
Leaves dark green and lobed
Fall color is mild yellow to yellow-green

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Flowers green and in clusters; fairly inconspicuous

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Fruit are winged seeds in pairs (samaras); wings spread at a 180 degree angle from one another