- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Mixed border
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Acid soil,
- Alkaline soil,
- Dry soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Sandy soil,
- Wet soil
- Moderately Tolerant
- Highly susceptible to ice damage,
- May be difficult to find in nurseries,
- Weak wood and branch structure
- Summer blossoms,
- Fall color
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall,
- Mid fall
Tree & Plant Care
A multi-stemmed rounded shrub reaching 6 to 12 feet high.
Sun loving but tolerant of part shade.
Wet to droughty, gravel to fine sand.
Disease, pests, and problems
No disease or insect problems, but the weak wood is easily broken. Fast-growing. Salt tolerant.
Branch tip die back in extreme cold temperatures.
Native geographic location and habitat
Nova Scotia, the eastern and southern United States, eastern Mexico
Bark color and texture
Upright, finely-textured, stiff branches on short trunks.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate with two types of leaves: elliptical to rounded with a pointed tip near flower heads. The leaves on the lower stems are elliptic-ovate, coarsely toothed, up to 3 inches long.
Silver-gray to gray-green.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Dioecious, many tubular, whitish flowers in a dense cluster at tips of branches.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Female plants have a flattened, ribbed, one seeded fruit (achenes) with silvery plumb-like hairs.