Green hawthorn offers beautiful flowers and fruit and is more disease resistant than other species of hawthorn. The cultivar 'Winter King' is more commonly sold than the species. Photos on this page show 'Winter King.'
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- North America
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Dry sites
- Occasional drought
- Clay soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Medium tree (25-40 feet)
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Early winter
- Mid winter
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Early fall
- Mid fall
- Late fall
Size and Form
20 to 25 feet high and 20 to 30 feet wide; broad rounded form.
Tree & Plant Care
Green Hawthorn is a lower maintenance tree than most hawthorns as it is more disease resistant.
This species tends to have few to no thorns.
Disease, pests, and problems
Cedar rusts and fireblight are potential problems but this species is more resistant to those diseases.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Better resistance to the problems common to hawthorns.
Tolerant of pollution.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the Southern United States up through southern Illinois.
Attracts birds & butterflies
This plant is a larval host to the striped hairstreak, and red-spotted purple butterflies.
Hawthorn also provides food to many species of birds as the fruit persists well into winter.
Bark color and texture
Mottled, multi-colored bark improves with age.
Stems have few to no thorns
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves, 1 to 3 inches long; dark green, toothed and shallowly lobed.
Fall color is purplish red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are unpleasantly scented; small creamy white flowers in flat topped clusters in late spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Persistent red berries (pomes)
Cultivars and their differences
Winter King (Crataegus viridis ‘Winter King’): Fruits are larger than those of the species. Less susceptible to rust. Form is less rounded, more vase-shaped.