Ginkgo is a very pest-resistant tree. It has interesting, fan-shaped leaves that turn vivid yellow in fall. Only male trees should be purchased as the females produce messy fruit that have a potent odor.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Alkaline soil
- Clay soil
- Road salt
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Early summer
- Mid summer
- Late summer
- Early fall
- Mid fall
Size and Form
50 to 80 feet high and 30 to 40 feet wide; mature form varies, some specimens are upright while others are more spreading.
Tree & Plant Care
Realtively low maintenace.
Prune in spring.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious pests.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerates salt, heat, drought, alkaline soil.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to China
Bark color and texture
The bark is typically light gray, with shallow ridges and furrows.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple,alternate, fan-shaped leaves in clusters of 3 to 5 on spurs or single on long shoots; usually notched at the tip; 2 to 3 inches long.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Inconspicuous, male and female flowers on separate trees.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Not a true fruit, but a seed with a fleshy covering; produced only on female trees; apricot colored with a silvery cast; messy and they produce a strong odor.
Buy male cultivars only.
Cultivars and their differences
Autumn Gold (Ginkgo biloba ‘Autumn Gold’): non-fruiting male with uniform conical habit becoming broader with age. Outstanding yellow color in autumn.
Magyar (Ginkgo biloba ‘Magyar’): narrow, non-fruiting male with upright, ascending branching.
Princeton Sentry (Ginkgo biloba ‘Princeton Sentry’): non-fruiting male form; assumes an upright, nearly columnar form that tapers to a point.