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TREES & plants

Garden serviceberry

Garden serviceberry, also known as snowy mespilus is a European native. The upright, erect, multi-stemmed shrub is found on limestone outcrops and in rocky woods. The white spring flowers and edible blue berries attract birds and wildlife. This plant may be difficult to find in nurseries.

Botanical name: 
Amelanchier ovalis
All Common Names: 
Garden serviceberry, snowy mespilus
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Landscape Uses: 
  • Massing, 
  • Hedge, 
  • Mixed border
Size Range: 
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
  • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5 (Chicago), 
  • Zone 6, 
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil, 
  • Alkaline soil, 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Season of Interest: 
  • Early winter, 
  • Early spring, 
  • Mid summer, 
  • Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Multi-stemmed, 
  • Upright
Growth Rate: 
  • Slow
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care

An upright, erect  shrub reaching 3 to 9 feet high and wide
Prefers moist, well-drained soil in full sun, not tolerant of shay conditions.
May be difficult to find in nurseries.
Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. 

Disease, pests, and problems

Fungal leaf spots, rust,  fire blight

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to central and southern Europe, N. Africa, and Middle East

Attracts birds & wildlife

Fruit attract birds  and other wildlife

Bark color and texture 

Smooth and gray

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Alternate, oval to elliptical 2 to 3 inches long.
Green in summer changing to orange, red and yellow in fall

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Erect, 5-petal flower clusters in early spring

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Blue fleshy edible berry

 

Amelanchier ovalis or Garden serviceberry