Fragrant sumac is a low growing shrub forming a thick, dense mass of stems. Use as a ground cover, in mass, and an excellent shrub for stabilizing banks and slopes. The glossy, blue-green leaves emit a lemon scent when crushed, and turn a mixture of red, burgundy, purple color in the fall.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- Ground cover
- Chicago area
- North America
- Mixed border
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Zone 9
- Acid soil
- Alkaline soil
- Dry soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Sandy soil
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Early spring
- Early summer
- Mid summer
- Early fall
- Mid fall
Size & Form
A small rounded, spreading shrub which forms a dense thicket of stems.
Height is 2 to 5 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Best in full sun to part shade in well-drained soil.
Adapts to dry, poor conditions, moderately drought tolerant.
An excellent shrub to stabilize slopes and create windbreaks. Stems develop roots where it touches the ground.
Prune every three years by removing 1/3 of the older, larger canes to the ground in late winter to stimulate new growth.
Disease, pests, and problems
None serious, sumac beetle, leaf spots, and scale minor problems.
Susceptible to verticillium wilt.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to eastern U.S.
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Berries ripen in late summer and may persist into winter attract many birds, including robin, sparrows, goldfinch, and chickadee.
Bark color and texture
Stems are thin, brownish-gray and aromatic when crushed. Rust colored lenticels are present on young stems.
There is no terminal buds, but overwintering male catkins are present.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, 1 1/2 to 3 inch long, compound leaves are trifolate (3 leaflets). Leaf margins are irregularly toothed or lobed. Often glossy on upper surface, paler beneath.
Shiny dark green in summer turning a mixture of red, burgundy, purple and green in fall.
Leaves emit a lemon scent when crushed.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Often dioecious, small clusters appear before the leaves. Male flowers are 1 inch, yellow-green catkins and persist through winter, female flowers are short panicles at end of branches.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Female plants will produce dense, clusters of fuzzy red fruit in late summer to early fall.
Cultivars and their differences
Gro-low Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-low’ ): Grows 2-3’ tall with a 6-8’ spread. This popular Midwest cultivar has aromatic green leaves which turn a red-orange in the fall.
Ideal as a ground cover or in mass, and is an excellent shrub to stabilize on banks and slopes.