TREES & Plants

English oak

English oak is excellent as a specimen or grouping tree for parks and large areas; its high degree of salt tolerance allows it to be used in the most exposed areas.  English oak is a broadly rounded to spreading, open-headed tree with a short trunk, given its height.  Dark green to blue-green foliage and acorns on long stalks are the appealing ornamental characteristics of English oak.

Botanical name: 
Quercus robur
All Common Names: 
English oak
Family (English): 
Beech, Oak
Family (Botanic): 
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
Growth Rate: 
  • Slow
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Alkaline soil
  • Road salt
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Inconspicuous
  • Yellow
Size Range: 
  • Large tree (more than 40 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Rounded
  • Spreading
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Shade
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care


Disease, pests, and problems


Disease, pest, and problem resistance

This tree is pH tolerant and has the highest degree of salt tolerance; use in most exposed areas.

Native geographic location and habitat



Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife


Bark color and texture 


Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture


  • Color: dark green to blue-green
  • Fall Color: 

Flower arrangement, shape, and size


English oak (Quercus robur)English oak (Quercus robur)photo: John Hagstrom

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Acorns hang on long stalks.

Cultivars and their differences