Douglas-fir is not a true fir, but is still a beautiful evergreen for the landscape. Its conical shape is similar to that seen on spruces.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- North America
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Dry sites
- Acid soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
Tree & Plant Care
Avoid planting in windy sites.
Disease, pests, and problems
Stressed trees may exhibit needle diseases and insect problems.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Wildlife is attracted to the tree for food and shelter.
Native geographic location and habitat
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Bark color and texture
The mature bark is thick and fissured and has a reddish-brown coloration.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
- Size: 1-1 ½”
- Shape: flat
- Texture: soft
- Color: green with two distinct white bands on the underside
Needles smell of camphor when crushed
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
- Type: cone
- Shape: oblong with a distinctive projecting bract from each scale
- Size: 2-4”
- Color: medium brown
Cones mature in one year
Cultivars and their differences
Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca (Douglas-fir): bluish-green needles, more compact
Pseudotsuga menziesii ‘Pendula’ (Weeping Douglas-fir): branches are held close to the stem
Pseudotsuga menziesii ‘Fastigiata’ (Fastigiata Douglas-fir): spire-like, tight branching
Pseudotsuga menziesii ‘Fletcheri’ (Fletcheri Douglas-fir): dwarf form, reaches 6 feet