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TREES & Plants

Doublefile viburnum

The showy clusters of white flowers arranged along the top of the doublefile viburnum’s horizontal branches make it a wonderful choice for specimen planting, screening, or use in a shrub border. Although this shrub is well suited for the Midwestern landscape, it can occasionally winter kill to the ground.  Doublefile vibunrum actually comes in two forms.  Viburnum plicatum has snowball-type flowers and produces no fruit.  Viburnum plicatum var tomentosum has lace-cap type flowers (small fertile flowers in the center, surrounded by showy sterile flowers) and does produce fruit.

Botanical name: 
Viburnum plicatum, Viburnum plicatum var tomentosum
All Common Names: 
doublefile viburnum, Japanese doublefile viburnum
Family (English): 
Elderberry
Family (Botanic): 
Adoxaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Screen
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
More Information: 

Size and Form

8 to 10 feet high and 9 to 12 feet wide

Tree & Plant Care

Prune after flowering

Plant in a protected site

Disease, pests, and problems

Plants can occasionally winter kill to the ground.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Japan and China

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple leaves in pairs (opposite); broadly oval with sharply toothed edges

Dark green in summer; reddish purple in fall
 

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

White flowers with no fragrance

Viburnum plicatum has snowball-type flowers.  Viburnum plicatum var tomentosum has lace-cap type flowers (small fertile flowers in the center, surrounded by showy sterile flowers).

 

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Viburnum plicatum produces no fruit.  Viburnum plicatum var tomentosum  produces berry-like fruit (drupes) that are red maturing to black.