This unusual U.S. native has a very exotic look, with large, compound leaves and late summer flowers. Devil's walking stick has coarse, thorny stems.
- North America
- Medium tree (25-40 feet),
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4,
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8,
- Zone 9
- Acid soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Mid summer,
- Late summer
Size and Form
10 to 20 feet high (with potential to grow up to 30 feet) and 10 to 20 feet (or more) wide; upright, thicket forming.
Tree & Plant Care
Note that this plant can spread indefinitely; typically growing as understory or at wood edge in large thickets.
Prune out shoots to maintain the spread of the plant within desired size.
Tolerant of most sites, best in full sun to light shade under tall trees.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious disease or insect problems.
Sucker growth can get out of control.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
This plant is pH adaptable as well as urban tolerant.
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the southern United States up into the Midwest.
Bark color and texture
This plant is coarse-textured, lightly branched and has spiny stems.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Large (2 to 4 feet long), double compound leaves, with numerous leaflets.
Leaves dark green with no fall color.
Small thorns also occur on the leaves.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Small, white flowers in large, flattened clusters (up to 1 1/2 feet wide).
Flowers in mid to late summer.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Broad clusters of small dark purple berry-like fruit (drupes).