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TREES & plants

Cut-leaved Stephanadra

Foliage of stephanandra, cultivar 'Crispa'.

Stephanandra is a small to medium-sized shrub with long arching stems forming large thickets. This graceful shrub is related to spirea, and is often grown for the maple-like leaves which turn a stunning orange-red fall color. Very nice for woodland gardens and mixed borders.

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

 

Botanical name: 
Stephanandra incisa
All Common Names: 
Stephanandra,Cut-leaved Stephanandra, Cutleaf Stephanandra, Lace Shrub
Family (English): 
Rosaceae
Family (Botanic): 
Rose
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Landscape Uses: 
  • Massing
  • Hedge
  • Foundation
  • Screen
Size Range: 
  • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
  • Small shrub (3-5 feet)
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
Ornamental Interest: 
  • Spring blossoms
  • Fall color
Season of Interest: 
  • Mid spring
  • Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Arching
  • Mounded
  • Thicket-forming
More Information: 

Size 

A dense, thicket-forming shrub reaching 4 to 7 feet high and wide.

Tree & Plant Care

Does best in loose, well-drained soils that have been supplemented with organic matter.Water in dry periods.

Prune after flowering by cutting back shoots to strong buds. On older plants, cut back one-third to one-fifth of oldest stems to the ground.

Stems root wherever they touch the ground, so separate them in autumn, winter, or early spring to make new plants.

Disease, pests, and problems

none serious

Native geographic location and habitat

Japan and Korea

Grows on mountain slopes, or by streams

Bark color and texture 

Medium-brown

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Alternate, 1 to 2 inch long maple-like leaf with toothed, wavy margins.
New leaves emerge with a reddish tinge, changing to bright green.
Fall color is a reddish-purple to red-orange

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Small, star-shaped white flowers born in clusters at tips of branches

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Dried follicle, not showy

Cultivars and their differences 

Crispa Cutleaf Stephanandra (Stephanandra incisa 'Crispa'): A low-growing, dense branched, deciduous shrub which typically grows 1 to 2 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide.  SMall, maple-like leaves unfold reddish-bronze tuening green for summer. Use as a ground cover,  low hedge or foundation plant. Also effective for erosion control on banks and slopes.