Stephanandra is a small to medium-sized shrub with long arching stems forming large thickets. This graceful shrub is related to spirea, and is often grown for the maple-like leaves which turn a stunning orange-red fall color. Very nice for woodland gardens and mixed borders.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Acid soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Spring blossoms
- Fall color
- Mid spring
- Early fall
A dense, thicket-forming shrub reaching 4 to 7 feet high and wide.
Tree & Plant Care
Does best in loose, well-drained soils that have been supplemented with organic matter.Water in dry periods.
Prune after flowering by cutting back shoots to strong buds. On older plants, cut back one-third to one-fifth of oldest stems to the ground.
Stems root wherever they touch the ground, so separate them in autumn, winter, or early spring to make new plants.
Disease, pests, and problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Japan and Korea
Grows on mountain slopes, or by streams
Bark color and texture
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, 1 to 2 inch long maple-like leaf with toothed, wavy margins.
New leaves emerge with a reddish tinge, changing to bright green.
Fall color is a reddish-purple to red-orange
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Small, star-shaped white flowers born in clusters at tips of branches
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Dried follicle, not showy
Cultivars and their differences
Crispa Cutleaf Stephanandra (Stephanandra incisa 'Crispa'): A low-growing, dense branched, deciduous shrub which typically grows 1 to 2 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. SMall, maple-like leaves unfold reddish-bronze tuening green for summer. Use as a ground cover, low hedge or foundation plant. Also effective for erosion control on banks and slopes.