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TREES & Plants

Common lilac

 The common lilac is best known for its fragrant flowers, which make it a lovely shrub for a specimen planting, in masses, screens, hedges, or mixed in shrub borders.  Many cultivars are available with various colored flowers.

Botanical name: 
Syringa vulgaris
All Common Names: 
Common lilac, lilac
Family (English): 
Olive
Family (Botanic): 
Oleaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Alkaline soil
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • Other
  • Pink
  • Purple
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
  • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Oval
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Hedge
  • Mixed border
  • Screen
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care

Prune after flowering.

Disease, pests, and problems

The lilac is susceptible to pest and disease problems.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

 

Native geographic location and habitat

C-Value: 

 

Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife

 

Bark color and texture 

 

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Leaves

  • Color: medium green
  • Fall Color: yellow

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

 

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

 

Cultivars and their differences