Common hop is the plant used to flavor beer, but it can also be an ornamental vine for the garden.
This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.
This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Chicago area,
- North America
- Shade tree,
- Large plant (more than 24 inches)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Dry soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
Season of Interest:
- Mid summer,
- Late summer,
- Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size and Method of Climbing
Common hop is a herbaceous vine growing 10 to 15 feet. It is a twining vine. Twining vines climb by twisting their stems or leaf stalks around a support. This type of vine grows well on trellises, arbors, wires or chain-link fences.
Grows well in both sun and part sun; prefers a moist, well-drained soil. Tolerant of some drought.
Disease, pests, and problems
Nothing serious, but aphids can be a pest.
Native geographic location and habitat
Populations are found both in Northern Europe and North America.
Simple, opposite leaves are 6 inches long and 4 inches wide. Leaves have three to five lobes and toothed margins. Small hairs on the leaves and stems can be irritating to skin.
Leaves are medium green in summer, with little change in fall.
Male and female flowers are on separate plants (dioecious). Male flowers are grrenish-white and held in drooping clusters. Female flowers are produced in a smaller pendulous spike. Male flower clusters are somewhat showy.
The fruit is the well-known hop used in beer-making. It is actually a group of seeds, each enclosed in a persistent bract.