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TREES & plants

Common Chokecherry

Flowers of common chokecherry.

A large deciduous shrub or small,  20 feet high, understory tree often forming a dense colony. Slender twigs form a oval to rounded crown. Clusters of drooping white flowers are followed by dark purple fruit. Native throughout most of the U.S. but difficult to find in the nursery trade. Susceptible to many insect and disease problems.  "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research."  

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

 

Botanical name: 
Prunus virginiana
All Common Names: 
Common chokecherry, Virginia bird cherry, Bitter cherry
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub, 
  • Tree
Native Locale: 
  • Chicago area, 
  • Illinois, 
  • North America
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
  • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 2, 
  • Zone 3, 
  • Zone 4, 
  • Zone 5 (Chicago), 
  • Zone 6
Soil Preference: 
  • Alkaline soil, 
  • Dry soil
Season of Interest: 
  • Mid spring, 
  • Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant, 
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Irregular, 
  • Oval, 
  • Round, 
  • Thicket-forming
Growth Rate: 
  • Moderate
More Information: 

Size & Form

A irregular, dense large shrub to small suckering tree reaching 20 to 30 feet high.

Tree & Plant Care

Best in full sun to part shade.
Tolerant of drought and dry to medium soil.

Disease, pests, and problems

Susceptible to many disease and insects. Black knot, mildew, rust, root rots, fireblight, borers, mites and tent caterpillars.

Native geographic location and habitat

C-Value: 3
Found throughout most of U.S.. in woodlands, bluffs and ravines.

Attracts birds & butterflies

Flower and fruit attract birds and butterflies.

Bark color and texture 

Brownish-gray with white lenticles.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Dark green 5 inch long elliptical shaped leaves with serrated margins. Underside of leaf is gray-green. Fall color is yellow to orange.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Fragrant 3 to 6 inch long slender clusters of white flowers in late April to early May.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Fruit is a pea-size purple drupe.

 

Cultivars and their differences

Canada Red (Prunus virginiana 'Canada Red'):  Foliage emerges green, then changes to purple and fianlly red in autumn.  More intense color than 'Schubert'.  Faster growing.

Schubert (Prunus virginiana 'Schubert'):  Foliage emerges green, then changes to purple and fianlly red in autumn.

Prunus virginiana or Common Chokecherry