Carolina-Allspice is a dense, rounded shrub reaching 6 to 9 feet high. It has unusual, strap-like, maroon to reddish-brown flowers with a sweet banana-strawberry fragrance. Fruit is a persistent, urn-shape brown seed pod.
- Deciduous (foliage falls off)
- North America
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Zone 9
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
- Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Occasional flooding
- Clay soil
- Acid soil
- Alkaline soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Sandy soil
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Mixed border
- Mid spring
- Late spring
Size and Form
6 to 10 feet high and wide; rounded form
Tree & Plant Care
Prune after flowering, may need renewal pruning if it becomes leggy.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the southeastern U.S.
Bark color and texture
Smooth gray brown bark; fragrant when scratched.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, opposite, 2 to 6 inches long; elliptical to obovate, leathery, dark green
Yellow to yellow-green in fall
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers appear before the leaves.
Large, 2-inch wide solitary flowers with numerous maroon to reddish-brown strap-like petals.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Unusual, leathery, urn-shaped fruiting capsules ripen and turn brown in September-October.
Persist into winter
Cultivars and their differences
Athens (Calycanthus floridus 'Athens'): A dense, mounded 6 foot high shrub with yellow, very fragrant flowers