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TREES & plants

Canada Serviceberry

Hedge of Canada serviceberry in full flower.

This large deciduous shrub or small tree,  with many colony-forming erect stems is often found growing in swampy, wet sites in Eastern North America. In yards and landscapes in the Midwest, Canada Serviceberry is best suited for wet sites. It has white blooms in early spring followed by oval green leaves and edible red fruit, attractive to birds, in mid to late summer. The fall color is orange-red. 

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

 

Botanical name: 
Amelanchier canadensis
All Common Names: 
Canada serviceberry, Canada shadbush, thicket serviceberry, Juneberry, shadblow serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush, shadbush serviceberry, sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry)
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
  • Tree
Native Locale: 
  • North America
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Screen
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
  • Compact tree (10-15 feet)
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Wet soil
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
Season of Interest: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Thicket-forming
  • Upright
Growth Rate: 
  • Moderate
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care

10 to 20 feet high and wide; multi-stemmed shrub.
Best in part shade condition, tolerant of sun with adequate soil moisture.
Great plant for wet sites.
Colony-forming, spreading by sucker growth. Prune to control size.

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious problems

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to the United States.

Attracts birds & butterflies

Red fruit is attractive to birds.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is light gray and relatively smooth, with lighter vertical lines.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate leaves; oval and about 2 inches long.
Dark green in summer, changing to orange and red in fall.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

White flowers in loose clusters in spring.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Red, berry-like fruits (pomes); edible.

Cultivars and their differences 

Prince William (Amelanchier canadensis 'Prince William' ):  8 to 10 feet high and 5 to 6 feet wide; upright multistemmed shrub.