This large deciduous shrub with many colony-forming erect stems is often found growing in swampy, wet sites in Eastern North America. In yards and landscapes in the Midwest, Canada Serviceberry is best suited for wet sites. It has white blooms in early spring followed by oval green leaves and edible red fruit, attractive to birds, in mid to late summer. The fall color is orange-red.
- Deciduous (foliage falls off)
- North America
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Wet sites
- Occasional flooding
- Wet soil
- Compact tree (10-15 feet)
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Mixed border
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Late summer
- Early fall
10 to 20 feet high and wide
Tree & Plant Care
Great plant for wet sites. Colony-forming, spreading by sucker growth.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious problems
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the United States.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Red fruit is attractive to birds.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.
Bark color and texture
Bark is light gray and relatively smooth, with lighter vertical lines.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves; oval and about 2 inches long
Dark green in summer, changing to orange and red in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
White flowers in loose clusters
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Red, berry-like fruits (pomes); edible
Cultivars and their differences
Prince William (Amelanchier canadensis 'Prince William' ): 8 to 10 feet high and 5 to 6 feet wide; upright multistemmed shrub. A hybrid of apple serviceberry and Canada serviceberry.