TREES & plants

Canada Serviceberry

This large deciduous shrub or small tree,  with many colony-forming erect stems is often found growing in swampy, wet sites in Eastern North America. In yards and landscapes in the Midwest, Canada Serviceberry is best suited for wet sites. It has white blooms in early spring followed by oval green leaves and edible red fruit, attractive to birds, in mid to late summer. The fall color is orange-red. 

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.


Botanical name: 
Amelanchier canadensis
All Common Names: 
Canada serviceberry, Canada shadbush, thicket serviceberry, Juneberry, shadblow serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush, shadbush serviceberry, sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry)
Family (English): 
Family (Botanic): 
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
  • Tree
Native Locale: 
  • North America
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Screen
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
  • Compact tree (10-15 feet)
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Wet soil
  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
Season of Interest: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Thicket-forming
  • Upright
Growth Rate: 
  • Moderate
More Information: 

Size and Form

10 to 20 feet high and wide; multi-stemmed.

Tree & Plant Care

Great plant for wet sites. Colony-forming, spreading by sucker growth.

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious problems

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to the United States.

Attracts birds & butterflies

Red fruit is attractive to birds.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is light gray and relatively smooth, with lighter vertical lines.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate leaves; oval and about 2 inches long.
Dark green in summer, changing to orange and red in fall.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

White flowers in loose clusters in spring.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Red, berry-like fruits (pomes); edible.

Cultivars and their differences 

Prince William (Amelanchier canadensis 'Prince William' ):  8 to 10 feet high and 5 to 6 feet wide; upright multistemmed shrub.