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TREES & Plants

Canada Serviceberry

This large deciduous shrub  with many colony-forming erect stems is often found growing in swampy, wet sites in Eastern North America. In yards and landscapes in the Midwest, Canada Serviceberry is best suited for wet sites. It has white blooms in early spring followed by oval green leaves and edible red fruit, attractive to birds, in mid to late summer. The fall color is orange-red.

Botanical name: 
Amelanchier canadensis
All Common Names: 
Canada serviceberry, Canada shadbush, thicket serviceberry, Juneberry, shadblow serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush, shadbush serviceberry, sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry)
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Shrub
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • North America
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Wet sites
  • Occasional flooding
Soil Preference: 
  • Wet soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Compact tree (10-15 feet)
  • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Thicket-forming
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Screen
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Late summer
  • Early fall
More Information: 

Size

10 to 20 feet high and wide

Tree & Plant Care

Great plant for wet sites. Colony-forming, spreading by sucker growth.

Disease, pests, and problems

No serious problems

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to the United States.

Attracts birds & butterflies

Red fruit is attractive to birds.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.

Bark color and texture 

Bark is light gray and relatively smooth, with lighter vertical lines.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate leaves; oval and about 2 inches long
Dark green in summer, changing to orange and red in fall.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

White flowers in loose clusters

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Red, berry-like fruits (pomes); edible

Cultivars and their differences 

Prince William (Amelanchier canadensis 'Prince William' ):  8 to 10 feet high and 5 to 6 feet wide; upright multistemmed shrub.  A hybrid of apple serviceberry and Canada serviceberry.