The low, dense spreading habit of bugleweed makes an excellent ground cover for part-shade or shady areas. The round green leaves often have a purple tinge and low, short spikes of violet-blue flowers add spring interest.
- Ground cover
- Deciduous (foliage falls off)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Alkaline soil
- Clay soil
- Alkaline soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Small plant (6-12 inches)
- Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)
- Mixed border
- Mid spring
Bugleweed is a low-growing ground cover, usually staying under 6 inches.
Tree & Plant Care
Best in well-drained humus-rich soils
Avoid extremely wet sites.
Disease, pests and problems
Can develop crown rot in wet, crowded conditions.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Elliptical to rounded shiny green leaves with square stems
Dark green leaves turn a reddish-bronze color in the fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Lavendar-blue flower spikes appear in early spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Not ornamentally important
Cultivars and their differences
Alba (Ajuga reptans 'Alba'): white flowers
Bronze Beauty (Ajuga reptans 'Bronze Beauty'): metallic bronze leaves
Catlin's Giant (Ajuga reptans 'Catlin's Giant'): 8 inch long green leaves with purple highlights, blue flowers
Chocolate Chip™ (Ajuga reptans 'Valfredda'): tiny, 1to 3 inch teardrop leaves turn deep chocolate bronze color, a dwarf creeping form