search

TREES & plants

Browse Trees and Plants

Displaying 241 - 270 of 534
Sort by common name Sorting by scientific name
  • Hypericum prolificum (Shrubby St. John's Wort)

    Also known as: Shrubby St. John's Wort

    Shrubby St. John's wort is a low to medium-sized native shrub reaching 3 to 4 feet high. The bright yellow flowers with a profusion of yellow stamens look like fireworks. The exfoliating bark and attractive seed capsules add winter interest to the landscape.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Ilex decidua (Possum-haw)

    Also known as: Possum-haw, Possumhaw, Swamp Holly

    Possum-haw holly is a southern deciduous shrub that can grow tree-like in its native habitat. In the Midwest if reaches 10 to 12 feet high but in the south it can be 20 to 30 feet high. Dark green foliage turns brownish- yellow in fall before dropping. Early white flowers appear before the leaves. Female plants will produce bright red, persistent fruit. Requires male and female plant to produce fruit.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Ilex glabra (Inkberry)

    Also known as: Inkberry, Gallberry

    Inkberry holly is a colony-forming, east coast native shrub for low, wet sites. Can be used as a foundation planting, hedge or in mass. Prefers acidic soils. The flowers are not showy, but the black fruits can be seen well into winter. Hollies have separate male and female plants, requires a male plant to pollinate the female plant so it can produce fruits.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Ilex opaca (American holly)

    Also known as: American holly

    American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade. Avoid windy sites. Trees are either male or female and require several to get fruit production.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Ilex verticillata (Common winterberry)

    Also known as: Common winterberry, Canada holly, Deciduous holly, Michigan holly, Virginia winterberry, Winterberry holly

    The bright red persistent fruits of common winterberry glow in the winter landscape. This deciduous species of holly, native to the eastern US and Canada, is a dense, multi-branched shrub. The summer foliage is glossy dark green turning yellow in fall. An excellent choice for wet sites, naturalized area or in the shrub border. Both male and female plants are needed for fruit.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Ilex x meserveae (Meserve Holly)

    Also known as: Meserve Holly, Meserve Hybrid Hollies

    The Merserve hollies are hybrids that do well in northern climates like the Chicago region. Dark, lustrous blue-green leaves are evergreen and spiny. Like all hollies, there are separate male and female plants and both must be planted for the female plant to produce the showy fruit.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Imperata cylindrica (syn. Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron', Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra', Imperata cylindrica var. rubra, Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii. (Red Baron Japanese blood grass)

    Also known as: 'Red Baron' Japanese blood grass, Japanese blood grass

    Japanese blood grass is beautiful grass, but one to be used with care in the landscape.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea alba (Moonflower (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Moonflower

    Moonflower is an an annual vine that is related to morning glories. The flowers are very similar, but this vine produces only white flowers that are larger than those of morning glory.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea batatas (Ornamental sweet potato (ANNUAL VINE) )

    Also known as: ornamental sweet potato, sweet potato

    Ornamental sweet potato is an attractive version of the edible sweet potato. Most cultivars feature foliage that is colorful, usually shaped or both. This is a weak climber and may need to be trained onto a support. It is quite vigorous as a ground cover. It is an annual vine.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches), 
    • Small plant (6-12 inches), 
    • Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea lobata (Spanish flag (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Spanish flag, firecracker vine, exotic love vine

    Spanish flag is an annual vine that is related to morning glory, but with a very different type of flower. The flowers are irregular in shape and held in upright clusters. Also known as Mina lobata.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea purpurea (Common morning glory (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Common monring glory

    Common morning glory is a well-loved annual vine that produces an abundance of colorful flowers from mid-summer into autumn. Numerous cultivars are available as seeds.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea quamoclit (Cypress vine (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Cypress vine

    Cypress vine is an annual vine with bright red flowers that attract hummingbirds.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea tricolor (Morning glory (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Morning glory

    Morning glory is an annual vine, but it may reseed from year to year. Funnel shaped flowers are produced from mid-summer into fall. Numerous cultivars are available as seeds.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Ipomoea x multifida (Cardinal climber (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Cardinal climber, cardinal vine

    Cardinal climber or cardinal vine is an annual vine with bright red tubular flowers and cut foliage. It is very attractive to hummingbirds.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Itea virginica (Virginia sweetspire)

    Also known as: Sweetspire, Virginia sweetspire, Virginia-willow, Virginia willow

    Sweetspire is a southeastern native that grows in moist, wet areas as well as upland sites. Grown for the long, drooping clusters of white, fragrant flowers in spring and the kaleidoscope of orange, red, yellow fall color.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Juglans cinerea (Butternut (Not recommended))

    Also known as: butternut, white walnut

    Due to susceptibility to butternut canker, butternuts are not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Butternut, also called white walnut, is a native tree found throughout the Midwest in moist, well-drained soils. Butternut canker, an introduced fungus, has killed off many native stands of butternut. The tree is related to black walnut and is also allelopathic. The wood is prized for the wood and the fruit produces a yellow dye that was used in the Civil War to color uniforms.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Juglans nigra (Black walnut)

    Also known as: Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

    The black walnut is a Chicago-area native tree that provides excellent shade for large properties. It needs to be sited with care, since the tree produces a chemical that is toxic to some other plants. This tree attracts wildlife including squirrels and the banded hairstreak butterfly.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper)

    Also known as: Chinese juniper

    Chinese juniper is a durable, adaptable evergreen tree or shrub that can bring year-round color, structure and screening to a dry, alkaline or windy site. A wide variety of cultivated varieties are available for garden and landscape use that range from trees to shrubs down to ground covers. Because they are quite salt-tolerant, they can be used near roads, driveways and sidewalks.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Juniperus communis (Common Juniper)

    Also known as: Common Juniper

    The common juniper may be a shrub or small tree. This is one of the most commonly found junipers throughout the world. Typically in dry, rocky, wooded hillsides or exposed slopes. The oil from the fleshy cones is used as flavoring and to make gin.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Juniperus horizontalis (Trailing juniper)

    Also known as: Trailing juniper, creeping juniper, ground cover juniper

    Trailing juniper is a low shrub or ground cover-type evergreen, native to North America. It can be especially attractive trailing over ledges or retaining walls and very useful on slopes. Junipers are cold-hardy, durable and adaptable plants that can bring year-round color to a dry, alkaline, or windy site.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet), 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches), 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches), 
    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Juniperus procumbens (Japanese garden juniper)

    Also known as: Japanese garden juniper

    Japanese garden juniper is a low-growing, ground-hugging evergreen reaching 6 to 12 inches high and eventually spreading 4 to 6 feet wide. Excellent as a ground cover, used to stabilize slopes or cascading over low walls. The blue-green foliage turns a slight purple in the winter.

    Size Range: 
    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Juniperus sabina (Savin juniper)

    Also known as: Savin juniper

    Savin juniper is a durable, low-maintenance evergreen shrub that has blue-green foliage consisting of sometimes prickly overlapping scales. It reaches 4 to 6 feet high with a low, 5 to 10 feet wide spreading habit. Once established it requires little maintenance. It is native to the mountains of Europe. In fall it has bluish, berry-like fruits that are really modified cones.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet), 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Juniperus virginiana (Eastern red-cedar)

    Also known as: eastern red-cedar, red cedar, eastern redcedar, upright juniper, eastern red cedar juniper

    Eastern red-cedar is native to North America. These cold-hardy, adaptable evergreen trees serve many purposes in the landscape, especially in sites that are dry, alkaline or windy. Because they are quite salt-tolerant, they can be used near roads, driveways, and sidewalks.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet), 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Kerria japonica (Japanese kerria)

    Also known as: Japanese Kerria

    Japanese kerria is a lovely 4 to 6 feet high shrub with upright to finely textured arching stems. Plants are especially attractive when abundant bright yellow flowers open in the spring. The bright green, arched stems add winter interest in a naturalized garden and makes an excellent choice for perennial shade borders. In recent years a stem blight disease has made this plant difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

    Also known as: June grass, prairie June grass, crested hair grass

    June grass is a native grass that can be very useful in tough sites like areas with dry conditions. It is a cool season, clumping grass.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Koelreuteria paniculata (Golden rain tree)

    Also known as: Golden rain tree, panicled goledn rain tree, varnish tree, pride of India

    Golden rain tree is known for its sprays of yellow flowers in summer. The flowers are followed by fruit that are air-filled capsules resembling Japanese lanterns. These fruit change from green to yellow to a fleshy, almost pink color. Because it readily self-sows, it has become a problem in some locations.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Kolkwitzia amabilis (Beauty bush)

    Also known as: Beauty bush, Beautybush, beauty-bush

    An old fashion back of the border shrub. Beauty bush lives up to its name in spring when it is covered with pink, bell-shaped flowers. Arching stems and dark green foliage turns a yellow-green in fall. During the rest of the season it offers little in the way of ornamental appeal.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Lablab purpureus (syn. Dolichos lablab) (Hyacinth bean (ANNUAL VINE))

    Also known as: Hyacinth bean, lablab, Indian bean, Egyptian bean

    Hyacinth bean is an annual vine that offers both attractive flowers and fruits. The purple pea-type flowers will produce bean 'pods' that are magenta colored.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Lamprocapnos spectabilis (Common Bleeding Heart)

    Also known as: Common bleeding Heart, Bleeding heart

    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Common bleeding heart is an early-blooming perennial for shady sites. The delicate, pink heart-shaped flowers hang on long arching stems.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Larix decidua (European larch)

    Also known as: European larch, common larch

    European larch is a great choice for specimen plantings or in groups for parks and large areas. Unlike most conifers, it drops its needles in winter. Bright green foliage in spring changes to medium green throughout summer, turning a golden yellow in fall before falling.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

Pages