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TREES & plants

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  • Dichanthelium clandestinum (syn. Panicum clandestinum) (Deer tongue grass)

    Also known as: Deer tongue grass

    Deer tongue grass is a native grass with an exotic bamboo-like appearance. This warm season, clumping grass tolerates dryness and infertile soils very well. It can be used for naturalizing in tough sites.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Diervilla lonicera (Bush-honeysuckle)

    Also known as: Bush-honeysuckle, Dwarf bushhoneysuckle, bush honeysuckle

    Bush-honeysuckle is a low-growing, spreading, native shrub providing yellow flowers for several weeks in early summer. Reddish young stems is 4-sided, contrasting with dark green leaves.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Diervilla rivularis (Georgia bush-honeysuckle)

    Also known as: Georgia bush-honeysuckle, Georgia bush honeysuckle, mountain bush honeysuckle, hairy bush-honeysuckle, riverbank bush honeysuckle

    Georgia bush-honeysuckle, also called mountain bush-honeysuckle is a fast growing, eastern U.S. native found in the southern Appalachian Mountains in moist wooded areas and woodland edges. The mounding habit and arching stems produce small clusters of yellow trumpet blooms in July and August. New growth emerges with a bronze-red foliage, which later turns green then to a lovely red in the fall. Adapts to most soils and is drought tolerant when established.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Diervilla sessilifolia (Southern bush-honeysuckle)

    Also known as: Southern bush-honeysuckle, Southern bush honeysuckle

    Southern bush-honeysuckle is a vigorous, 3 to 5 feet high, spreading shrub with rich green foliage that turns purplish in the fall. The 2- to 3-inch-diameter sulfur-yellow flowers appear in mid-summer. The suckering nature of the plant can form colonies making it ideal as a mass planting or used to stabilize a slope. Native to the southeastern United States.

    Size Range: 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Diospyros virginiana (Persimmon)

    Also known as: persimmon, common persimmon

    Persimmon is a U.S.native tree that is easily recognized in winter by its rugged, blocky bark. Female trees produce fruit that are edible after the first frost.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet), 
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Dirca palustris (Leatherwood)

    Also known as: Leatherwood, Eastern Leatherwood

    Leatherwood is an interesting, under-used native shrub with small yellow flowers in early spring before leaves emerge. Light green leaves turn a bright yellow color in autumn. This plant is difficult to find in commercial nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)

    Also known as: Purple Coneflower, Broad-Leaved Purple Coneflower

    Plant advice from The Morton Arboretum: Purple coneflower is a native wildflower of Illinois and the Chicago Region. It offers color in the middle of summer and cones full of seeds for birds during winter.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches), 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Eleutherococcus sieboldianus (Syn. Acanthopanax sieboliana) (Siebold's Shrub-Ginseng)

    Also known as: Siebold's shrub-ginseng, Siebold shrub ginseng, Fiveleaf Aralia

    Siebold's shrub-ginseng, also known as 5-leaved aralia, is an upright, deciduous shrub reaching 8 to 10 foot high and wide. Medium green, pamately compound leaves hold late into fall. Stout gray arching stems have thorns making it a good barrier shrub.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Elymus canadensis (Canada wild rye)

    Also known as: Canada wild rye, Great Plains wild rye, nodding wild rye, Canada lyme grass

    Canada wild rye is a native grass that was part of the tallgrass prairie. It is a cool season, clumping grass, best used in areas where naturalizing is desirable as it has a tendency to self seed.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Elymus hystrix (syn. Hystrix patula) (Bottlebrush grass)

    Also known as: Bottlebrush grass, Eastern bottlebrush grass, glumeless wild rye

    Bottlebrush grass is a native grass that is found in wooded areas rather than in prairies. It can be used for naturalizing in shady sites.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Elymus virginicus (Virginia wild rye)

    Also known as: Virginia wild rye, Virginia lyme grass

    Virginia wild rye is a cool season, clumping grass similar to Canada wild rye (Elymus canadensis). It is more tolerant of shade and prefers a more fertile soil.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Eragrostis spectabilis (Purple love grass)

    Also known as: Purple love grass

    Purple love grass is a Midwestern native that produces reddish-purple flowers and fruit that hang over the plant like a cloud. This is a warm season, clumping grass.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches), 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Eragrostis trichodes (Sand love grass)

    Also known as: Sand love grass

    Sand love grass is a Midwest native that prefers sandy or well-drained sites. It is a warm season, clumping grass. It will self- seed.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Eucommia ulmoides (Hardy rubber-tree)

    Also known as: hardy rubber-tree, hardy rubber tree

    Hardy rubber-tree, a native of China, can be used in the landscape as a shade tree. It has an attractive round to broad-spreading form, but little else in the way of ornamental interest. During summer, the thick leaves are a very glossy green.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Euonymus alatus (Burning bush)

    Also known as: Burning bush; burningbush; burning-bush; winged euonymus

    Burning bush is a popular large shrub common in yards and gardens throughout North America. This Asian shrub is invasive and should not be planted. It is known for its bright red fall color. It has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. This shrub is under observation and may be listed on official invasive species lists in the near future.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Euonymus atropurpureus (Wahoo)

    Also known as: Wahoo, Eastern Wahoo, Eastern burning bush

    Wahoo is a Chicago region native offering beautiful fruit in fall. It may be difficult to find this species in local nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Euonymus europaeus (Spindle tree)

    Also known as: Spindle Tree, European Spindle Tree, European Euonymus, Common Spindle Tree

    Spindle tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting fruit capsules. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point that this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Euonymus fortunei (Wintercreeper)

    Also known as: Wintercreeper, Wintercreeper euonymus

    Wintercreeper is a fast-growing, versatile ground cover, shrub or vine. Many different cultivars are available. Wintercreeper should be used with care as it is considered invasive in some locations.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches), 
    • Small plant (6-12 inches), 
    • Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Exochorda racemosa (Common Pearlbush)

    Also known as: Pearlbush, common pearlbush, Turkestan pearlbush, Chinese pearlbush, Wilson's pearlbush

    Common Pearlbush is an old fashioned, but not commonly used shrub. This attractive and fairly long-blooming shrub has small round pearl-like flower buds that open in sequence to pure white, 5-petaled flowers. Foliage is medium green turning to a soft yellow fall color. Older bark peels off, similar to birch, adding winter interest.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Fagus grandifolia (American beech)

    Also known as: American beech

    American beech is a large, graceful native tree, excellent for large, park-like landscapes where it has room to spread its wide, low-growing branches. The massive trunk has beautiful silver gray bark; the dark green summer foliage turns a golden bronze in the fall. Leaves typically hang on well into the winter months adding to the seasonal interest.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Fagus sylvatica (European beech)

    Also known as: European beech, common beech

    European beech is a large, graceful tree appropriate for large properties like parks.  This species has smooth silvery gray bark and a low branching pattern.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Fallopia aubertii (syn. Polygonum aubertii) (Silver lace vine)

    Also known as: Silver lace vine, silver fleece vine

    Silver lace vine is a beautiful flowering vine, but it is an aggressive grower and is becoming an invasive plant in some areas. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this vine for planting sites.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Festuca glauca (Blue fescue)

    Also known as: Blue fescue

    Blue fescue is a small, mounded, cool season grass grown for its compact size and blue foliage. It is a non-native, clumping grass. The blue coloration can vary, so it is best to buy named cultvars for uniformity of color.

    Size Range: 
    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Forsythia ovata (Early Forsythia)

    Also known as: Early forsythia, Korean forsythia

    Early forsythia is a harbinger of spring when bright yellow, bell-shaped flowers lighten the spring landscape long before other plants are awake. Shrubs reach 4 to 6 feet high and wide with a dense, erect habit and slightly arching canes.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Forsythia viridissima (Green-stemmed Forsythia)

    Also known as: Green-stemmed forsythia, greenstem forsythia, Korean forsythia

    Green-stemmed forsythia, sometimes called Korean forsythia is an upright, flat-topped shrub reaching 6 to 10 feet high and wide. Bright, 1-inch yellow flowers have a slight green tinge and appear a few weeks after other forsythia. Green-stemmed forsythia is one of the parents for the popular Forsythia x intermedia cultivars.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Forsythia x intermedia (Border Forsythia)

    Also known as: Border forsythia

    Border forsythia is a multi-stemmed shrub noted for the bright yellow flowers in early spring. An excellent shrub for mixed borders, in mass or as an informal hedge. Flower bud hardiness varies by cultivar and should be selected wisely.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

  • Fothergilla gardenii (Dwarf fothergilla)

    Also known as: Dwarf fothergilla, Dwarf witch-alder

    Dwarf fothergilla is a small, multi-season shrub with white, bottle brush-like flowers in spring, blue-green leaves in summer turning a kaleidoscope of color in autumn.

    Size Range: 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Fothergilla major (Large Fothergilla)

    Also known as: Large Fothergilla, Witch-Alder

    Large Fothergilla is a large, rounded shrub with excellent 4-season interest. Early flowering, honey-scented bottle brush-like flowers appear before the leaves, summer foliage is a clean, blue-green changing to outstanding shades of orange, red, and yellow fall color.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Fraxinus americana (White ash (Not recommended))

    Also known as: white ash, American ash

    Due to susceptibility to emerald ash borer (EAB), white ash is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually requires removal and/or replacement. White ash, a native woodland tree found throughout the Midwest, had been used extensively as a shade and street tree. Currently, ash trees cannot be sold in Illinois. Check with your state for quarantine restrictions.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Fraxinus excelsior (European ash (Not recommended))

    Also known as: European ash, common ash

    Due to susceptibility to emerald ash borer (EAB), European ash is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually requires removal and/or replacement. European ash is a large shade tree found throughout Europe which is hardy to the Midwest. Currently, ash trees cannot be sold in Illinois. Check with your state for quarantine restrictions.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

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