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  • Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American cranberry-bush)

    Also known as: American cranberry-bush, American cranberry-bush viburnum, American cranberrybush viburnum

    This native viburnum offers ornamental interest throughout the seasons; flowers in spring, red fruit in late summer and red fall color.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Viburnum opulus var. opulus (syn. Viburnum opulus) (European cranberry-bush viburnum (not recommended))

    Also known as: European cranberry-bush, European cranberry-bush viburnum, European cranberrybush viburnum

    European cranberry-bush viburnum is an attractive, multi-season interest shrub, but it has become an invasive plant in some states and is not recommended. The similar, native American cranberry-bush viburnum (Vibrunum opulus var. americanum) is a more recommended substitute. It has the same ornamental features and is native to North America.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum plicatum var. plicatum (Doublefile viburnum)

    Also known as: Doublefile viburnum, Japanese snowball viburnum

    Doublefile viburnum or Japanese snowball viburnum, Viburnum plicatum var. plicatum, produces 2 to 3 inch wide showy, snowball-type clusters of white flowers in spring. A dense, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with somewhat horizontal branching that grows 8 to 12 feet high. Dark green leaves are strongly-veined, toothed, with pleated upper surfaces turn a burgundy red to purplish red in fall. Although this shrub is well suited for the Midwestern landscape it can occasionally winter kill to the ground. This profile page also covers Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum. The difference is V. plicatum var. plicatum flowers are snowball-type flower clusters and bloom 2 to 3 weeks later than V. plicatum var tomentosum, which has a ring of large, sterile flowers surrounding a large center of small, fertile flowers.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum prunifolium (Black-haw Viburnum)

    Also known as: Black-haw, Blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum

    Black-haw viburnum is a large shrub or a small, native tree. In spring new leaves emerge copper-colored followed by white, flat-topped flowers. In fall, black fruits contrast with the pinkish-red foliage. A great plant for naturalized areas.

    Size Range: 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Viburnum rafinesquianum (Downy arrowwood)

    Also known as: Downy arrowwood, Downy arrowwood viburnum. Missouri viburnum

    Downy arrowwood is a little known native viburnum that has ornamental characteristics similar to the more commonly planted southern arrowwood.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Viburnum rhytidophyllum (Leatherleaf viburnum)

    Also known as: Leatherleaf viburnum

    Leatherleaf viburnum is considered a large, rough textured, evergreen shrub, but in northern climates it will lose its leaves in late autumn and often suffers stem dieback in cold winters. While the creamy white flowers light up the spring landscape, this species offers no fall color change and very little fruiting.

    Size Range: 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum rufidulum (Southern Black-Haw)

    Also known as: Southern black-haw, Rusty black-haw, Southern blackhaw, Rusty blackhaw

    Southern Black-Haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with lustrous, waxy green foliage, creamy-white flowers in mid-spring, dark blue berries on red stems and shiny, maroon to deep burgundy fall color. Native to the south east U.S. A great 4-season plant for the Midwest.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Viburnum sargentii (Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum)

    Also known as: Sargent's cranberry-bush; Sargent's viburnum; Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum; Sargent viburnum

    Sargent's cranberry-bush viburnum is an upright, rounded shrub with a coarse branching habit. The white lacecap flowers have purple anthers. The bright red fruits are persistent. New foliage is burgundy changing to dark green then to a wine-red fall color adding to the seasonal interest.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum setigerum (Tea viburnum)

    Also known as: Tea viburnum

    One of the best fruiting viburnums, this little known viburnum produces bright red fruit clusters, white spring flowers and muted red fall color. A good plant for sun or shade reaching 8 to 12 feet high and 6 to 10 feet wide. May be difficult to find in nursery trade.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum sieboldii (Siebold viburnum)

    Also known as: Siebold viburnum

    This large shrub or small tree has glossy dark green leaves with toothed edges. In May creamy-white flowers are followed by clusters of red berries. The shiny dark green leaves turn burgundy in fall.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum x carlcephalum (Fragrant snowball)

    Also known as: Fragrant snowball, Carlcephalum viburnum

    Fragrant snowball viburnum is a large, open shrub reaching 6 to 10 feet high. It is one of the last of the very fragrant, snowball-shaped flowers to bloom in spring. The dark oval green leaves turn a beautiful reddish-purple in the fall.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum x juddii (Judd's viburnum)

    Also known as: Judd's viburnum, Judd viburnum

    This hybrid viburnum produces early spring, snowball-type clusters of pink buds that open to white, highly fragrant flowers. A dense, rounded shrub reaching 6 to 8 feet high with blue-green leaves. Korean spice viburnum is one of the parent of this hybrid.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Viburnum x rhytidophylloides (Hybrid leatherleaf viburnum)

    Also known as: Hybrid leatherleaf viburnum, Lantanaphyllum viburnum

    Leatherleaf viburnum is a large, semi-evergreen shrub reaching 8 to 10 feet high, used for background borders, screening or specimen plantings. It is a hybrid cross between Wayfaringtree and leatherleaf viburnum. May be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Vitex agnus-castus (Chaste tree)

    Also known as: Chaste tree

    The chaste tree, which is really a shrub, is a good choice for the shrub border or as a specimen. The upright clusters of lavender-blue, summer-blooming flowers and aromatic gray-green leaves attract butterflies. In northern region, chaste tree should be cut to ground in early spring.

    Size Range: 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Vitis coignetiae (Crimson glory vine)

    Also known as: Crimson glory vine

    Crimson glory vine is an ornamental grape grown for its excellent fall color. The fruit produced are not edible. This plant may be difficult to find in nurseries.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Weigela florida (Old fashioned weigela)

    Also known as: Old fashioned weigela, Old-fashioned weigela, Cardinal bush

    Old-fashioned weigela fills gardens with bright tubular flowers in early summer often blooming again as the season progresses. Summer foliage is neat and tidy, relatively disease free. There are many cultivated varieties available in different sizes and flower colors.

    Size Range: 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet), 
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet), 
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet), 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Wisteria floribunda (Japanese wisteria)

    Also known as: Japanese wisteria, Japanese wistaria

    Japanese wisteria is a beautiful vine in flower, but it is an aggressive grower and is considered invasive in some areas, especially in the southern United States. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this vine for planting sites.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Wisteria frutescens (American wisteria)

    Also known as: American wisteria, American wistaria

    American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens; syn. Wistaria frutescens) is a woody vine that produces beautiful hanging clusters of purple flowers. This species is native to North America. It is a good alternate to the Japanese and Chinese wisterias that have become invasive in some areas.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Wisteria macrostachya (Kentucky wisteria)

    Also known as: Kentucky wisteria, Kentucky wistaria

    Kentucky wisteria is native to parts of North America. This species produces hanging clusters of purple flowers. It is a good alternate to the Japanese and Chinese wisterias that have become invasive in some areas. Also known as Wistaria frutescens var. macrostachya.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Wisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)

    Also known as: Chinese wisteria

    Chinese wisteria is a beautiful vine in flower, but it is an aggressive grower and is considered invasive in some areas, especially in the southern United States. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this vine for planting sites.

    Size Range: 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

  • Xanthorhiza simplicissima (Yellowroot)

    Also known as: Yellowroot

    Yellowroot is a small woody perennial forming a dense carpet that reaches 1 to 3 feet high. This east coast native is found in damp woods, stream banks and wet depressions. The best feature is the yellow to red to purple fall color.

    Size Range: 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet), 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily), 
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Yucca filamentosa (Yucca)

    Also known as: Yucca, Adam's needle yucca, Adam's needle, Spanish bayonet

    Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. In late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, bell-shaped flowers.

    Size Range: 
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet), 
    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • North America

  • Zanthoxylum americanum (Prickly-ash)

    Also known as: Prickly-ash, Prickly ash, Pricklyash, Toothache tree

    Prickly-ash is a tall, colony-forming small tree or large shrub reaching 15 to 25 feet tall and wide. Twigs and stems are covered in 1/2 inch prickles making it difficult to use in the landscape. In spite of its common name, it is not related to Ash trees (Fraxinus spp.) of the Olive family. Rarely found in the nursery trade.

    Size Range: 
    • Small tree (15-25 feet), 
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet), 
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Chicago area, 
    • Illinois, 
    • North America

  • Zelkova serrata (Japanese zelkova)

    Also known as: Japanese zelkova

    Japanese zelkova is closely related to elms but is resistant to Dutch elm disease (DED). It tolerates urban conditions well and can be used as a street tree. This tree has interesting bark, clean serrated foliage and good fall color.

    Size Range: 
    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure: 
    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), 
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale: 
    • Non-native

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