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  • Spiraea x cinerea (Spiraea x cinerea)

    Spirea in full flower; cultivar 'Grefsheim'.

    Also known as:

    First Snow spirea, Grefsheim spirea
    Spirea x cinerea is a hybrid group of spireas with outstanding early season blooms. The white fragrant flowers emerging before the foliage on graceful, arching stems. Light green foliage remains dense to the base of the plant. Use in the shrub border, informal hedge, or as a backdrop for early spring perennials and bulbs.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Spodiopogon sibiricus (Siberian frost grass)

    Also known as:

    Siberian frost grass, frost grass, Siberian graybeard, silver spikegrass
    Siberian frost grass is a warm-season, clump-forming grass with a neat, upright to rounded form. It grows up to four feet tall and has erect flower clusters in mid- to late summer.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie dropseed)

    Prairie dropseed in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Prairie dropseed, Northern dropseed
    Prairie dropseed is a smaller prairie grass, growing only about 3 feet tall. It has a graceful arching habit and flowers late in the season.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Stachys byzantina (Lamb's ears)

    Lamb's ears has densely hairy leaves.

    Also known as:

    Lamb's ears, woolly betony, woolly woundwort
    Lamb's ears is well loved for its densely hairy leaves. Keeping those fuzzy leaves dry is important for the health and beauty of this plant.

    Size Range:

    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut)

    Fruit of American bladdernut.

    Also known as:

    American bladdernut, Bladdernut, Bladder nut
    American bladdernut is a large, native, under story shrub or compact tree, often forming thickets in undisturbed landscapes. Beautiful clusters of drooping, tubular white flowers appear in early spring, followed by unusual bladder-like seed pods, which are persistent long into the winter months. A great plant for naturalizing or shady woodlands.

    Size Range:

    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Stephanandra incisa (Cut-leaved stephanadra)

    Foliage of stephanandra, cultivar 'Crispa'.

    Also known as:

    Stephanandra, cut-leaved stephanandra, cutleaf stephanandra, lace shrub
    Stephanandra is a small to medium-sized shrub forming large thickets. This graceful shrub has long, arching stems and is often grown for the maple-like leaves, which turn a stunning orange-red fall color. Very nice for woodland gardens and mixed borders

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Symphoricarpos albus (Snowberry)

    Fruit of snowberry.

    Also known as:

    Snowberry, Common snowberry
    Snowberry is a native shrub commonly used en masse or in naturalized landscapes. Thin, cascading branches produce small, pink flowers that appear in spikes in early summer, followed by clusters of white berries in autumn.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Symphoricarpos orbiculatus (Coralberry)

    Fruit of coralberry.

    Also known as:

    Coralberry, Indiancurrant Coralberry, Buckbrush
    Coralberry is a low-growing, spreading shrub with arching stems that produces clusters of purplish red fruits in the fall. It is a good food source for several species of bird. This shrub is native to Eastern U.S.and a good plant for naturalizing in open woodlands or used to stabilize steep slopes because of its suckering habit.

    Size Range:

    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Symphyotrichum ericoides (syn. Aster ericoides) (Heath aster)

    Heath aster produces an abundance of flowers.

    Also known as:

    Heath aster, Dense-flowered aster, Many-flowered aster, Frost-weed aster Tufted white prairie aster, White aster, White wreath aster, Wreath aster
    Heath aster is a native prairie plant that develops neat mounds of graceful, arching flowering stems with narrow leaves and hundreds of small daisy-like white, lavender, or pink flowers in late summer.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches),
    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (syn. Aster novae-angliae) (New England aster)

    Purple flowers of New England aster

    Also known as:

    New England aster
    New England aster is a native, upright perennial with purple or pinkish daisy-like flowers that bloom in late summer and autumn. Excellent in combination with other late season ornamental grasses, goldenrod and other asters. This plant is known for attracting butterflies.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (syn. Aster novi-belgii) (New York aster)

    Cultivar Henry III has double flowers.

    Also known as:

    New York aster, Michaelmas daisy
    New York aster, also known as Michaelmas daisy, is a robust, upright native perennial with gray-green leaves and dense crown of fall-blooming, purple daisy-like flowers. A great addition to the late season perennial garden when combined with goldenrod and other native grasses.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches),
    • Medium plant (12-24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Syringa 'Penda' (Bloomerang™ lilac)

    Leaves of the Bloomerang lilac.

    Also known as:

    Bloomerang lilac, Bloomerang Purple
    The Bloomerang™series lilacs are known for their highly fragrant, reblooming flowers, compact habit and smaller leaves. Excellent for smaller gardens.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa meyeri (Meyer lilac)

    Meyer lilac, cultivar 'Palabin', in flower.

    Also known as:

    Meyer lilac
    Meyer lilac is a compact shrub with highly fragrant, lavender flowers and small ruffled leaves. It is fairly resistant to powdery mildew. Place near a patio or sidewalk where the intoxicating fragrance can be enjoyed.

    Size Range:

    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa patula (Manchurian lilac)

    Mounded form of Miss Kim lilac

    Also known as:

    Manchurian lilac
    Manchurian lilac is known mainly for the cultivar 'Miss Kim'. Wonderfully fragrant lilac flowers that fade to light pink in spring. The ruffled foliage turns a purple-red fall color. More resistant to powdery mildew than other lilacs.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa pekinensis (Peking lilac)

    Peking lilac has attractive, peeling bark.

    Also known as:

    Peking lilac, Pekin lilac
    The Peking lilac is a dependable urban tree and a great choice even for parking lot, boulevard, and parkway plantings. Native to Asia, it is both hardy and beautiful, with attractive, amber-colored, peeling bark. In early summer it has large, creamy-white, honey-scented flower clusters.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa pekinensis 'Morton' (CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac )

    CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac in full flower.

    Also known as:

    CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac
    CHINA SNOW™ Peking lilac is a Chicagoland Grows® introduction that is both hardy and beautiful, with attractive, exfoliating, amber-colored bark and rounded habit. It is a dependable urban tree and a great choice even for parking lot, boulevard, and parkway plantings.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa pekinensis 'Zhang Zhiming' (BEIJING GOLD™ Peking lilac)

    BEIJING GOLD™ Peking lilac in fall color.

    Also known as:

    BEIJING GOLD™ Peking lilac
    This cultivar has creamy-yellow flowers; attractive, cinnamon-colored bark; and unique yellow-gold fall color. The Peking lilac is a dependable urban tree and a great choice even for parking lot, boulevard, and parkway plantings. Native to Asia, it is both hardy and beautiful, with attractive, amber-colored, peeling bark.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa reticulata subsp. reticulata (Japanese tree lilac)

    Japanese tree lilac in full flower.

    Also known as:

    Japanese tree lilac
    Japanese tree lilac is larger than the shrub lilacs and it blooms a little later. It produces large clusters of small creamy-white, fragrant flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa villosa (Late lilac)

    Flowers of late lilac.

    Also known as:

    Late lilac
    Late lilac is a large, dense, rounded shrub with erect, ascending branches. The large, rosy-lilac flowers appear in mid-June after other lilacs have finished. A showy shrub used as a specimen, in borders, or as a hedge.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa vulgaris (Common lilac)

    Fragrant purple flowers of common lilac

    Also known as:

    Common lilac, lilac, English lilac, French lilac
    The common lilac is an old-fashioned, long-lived, and well-loved lilac best known for its fragrant flowers. It is extremely hardy and thrives with little care which make it a lovely shrub for a specimen planting, in masses, screens, hedges, or mixed in shrub borders.

    Size Range:

    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Syringa x chinensis (Chinese lilac)

    Also known as:

    Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac
    Chinese lilac is an upright to rounded shrub with arching branches, a more finely-textured hybrid of common lilac. The highly fragrant lavender-purple flower are long-blooming and attract butterflies.

    Size Range:

    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Tamarix ramosissima (Tamarix)

    Also known as:

    Tamarisk, Salt Cedar, Saltcedar, Tamarix
    Tamarix is a large shrub or small tree found in wetlands. This Eurasian shrub is on many invasive lists and should not be planted.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Taxodium distichum (Bald-cypress)

    Branches of bald-cypress.

    Also known as:

    bald-cypress, bald cypress, baldcypress, swamp cypress, white-cypress, tidewater red-cypress, gulf-cypress, red-cypress
    This stately conifer, native to the Midwest, often is found in groupings in parks and larger spaces, along streets, and around lakes. Unlike most cone-bearing trees, bald-cypress loses its needles each winter and grows a new set in spring. Hardy and tough, this tree will adapt to a wide range of soil types, whether wet, dry, or even swampy.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Taxus cuspidata (Japanese yew)

    Dark green shiny needles of Japanese yew

    Also known as:

    Japanese yew
    Japanese yews are a popular and versatile evergreen shrub. They make a good foundation or accent plant and dark green leaves make good background for colorful shrubs and perennials. There are numerous cultivars available, varying greatly in size, so choose carefully to find the right one for your site. Be aware that the leaves, seeds, and bark of yews are poisonous.

    Size Range:

    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Taxus media (Anglo-Japanese yew)

    Medium green leaves of Anglo-Japanese yew

    Also known as:

    Ango-Japanese yew, Anglojap yew, English yew, Japanese yew
    Anglo-Japanese yew is a very popular hybrid between English and Japanese yew species often used as hedges, specimens and foundation plants. Hardy and resilient, yews are very tolerant of urban conditions and are one of the few evergreens that tolerate heavy shade.

    Size Range:

    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Thalictrum thalictroides (syn. Anemonella thalictroides) (Rue anemone)

    Rue anemone is a dainty spring flower.

    Also known as:

    Rue anemone, rue-anemone
    A delicate woodland native, rue anemone is a spring ephemeral wildflower and garden perennial. Loose clusters of white to pale pink flowers rise above three-lobed green leaves. A great addition to the woodland wildflower or rock garden.

    Size Range:

    • Small plant (6-12 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily),
    • Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Thuja occidentalis (Eastern arborvitae)

    Dark green, flat leaflets of eastern arborvitae.

    Also known as:

    Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar, Eastern white cedar, American arborvitae
    The eastern arborvitae is an extremely common evergreen tree or shrub, used often as a specimen, in hedges, or for privacy. The small cones open up to look like small flowers and appeal to birds. There are many cultivars that vary in height and other characteristics. On some varieties, the foliage may discolor in winter.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
    • Small shrub (3-5 feet),
    • Low-growing shrub (under 3 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Chicago area,
    • Illinois,
    • North America
  • Thuja plicata (Giant arborvitae)

    A mature specimen of giant arborvitae.

    Also known as:

    giant arborvitae, western arborvitae
    Giant arborvitae is a dense, stately evergreen tree native to the Pacific Northwest, often used as a specimen or for screening. The fresh green foliage consists of flat sprays formed by overlapping scales. The tree supplies seeds and shelter for birds but is less appealing to deer. There are many cultivars that vary in height and other characteristics. On some varieties, the foliage changes color in winter.

    Size Range:

    • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
    • Medium tree (25-40 feet),
    • Small tree (15-25 feet),
    • Compact tree (10-15 feet),
    • Large shrub (more than 8 feet),
    • Medium shrub (5-8 feet)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • North America
  • Thunbergia alata (Black-eyed Susan vine (ANNUAL VINE))

    Flowers of black-eyed Susan vine.

    Also known as:

    Black-eyed Susan vine
    Black-eyed Susan vine is an annual vines with orange-yellow flowers that resemble black-eyed Susans. This vine is an annual and climbs by twining.

    Size Range:

    • Large plant (more than 24 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
    • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native
  • Thymus praecox (Creeping thyme)

    Creeping thyme in flower.

    Also known as:

    Creeping thyme, woolly thyme, mother of thyme
    Creeping time is generally used more as a ground cover than as an herb. This low-growing fuzzy plant spreads out in a mat and is covered with beautiful flowers.

    Size Range:

    • Low-growing plant (under 6 inches)

    Light Exposure:

    • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

    Native Locale:

    • Non-native

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