Black chokeberry is a dependable small to medium sized shrub with upright, mounded habit. Small clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by glossy black fruit. Dark green foliage turns reddish-purple in the fall.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area
- North America
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Wet sites
- Occasional flooding
- Road salt
- Acid soil
- Wet soil
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Mixed border
- Early winter
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Early fall
- Mid fall
- Late fall
3 to 8 feet high and 3 to 6 feet wide
Tree & Plant Care
A good shrub for low to wet locations in full sun to part shade; plant toward back of border; plants tend to sucker and be a bit leggy at the bottom.
Prune after flowering in spring.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious disease or insect problems
Prune out unwanted suckers to control size.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native the the northeastern United States and the upper Midwest.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Fruit is eaten by a number of bird species, usually in mid to late winter.
Bark color and texture
Bark is brown and relatively smooth, with obvious lenticels.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, simple leaves; 1 to 3 inches long
Dark green foliage turns a deep mahogany red in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Small clusters of white flowers in mid-spring
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Purplish-black berry-like fruit (pomes)
Cultivars and their differences
Iroquois Beauty™ (Aronia melanocarpa ‘Morton’ ): 2 to 3 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide
Iroquois Beauty™ was selected at The Morton Arboretum and introduced by Chicagoland Grows® Introduction Program.