Like other lindens, big-leaved linden produces clusters of very fragrant flowers in early summer. It has an attractive form and can be used as a street tree. This species may be difficult to find in nurseries.
All Common Names:
Tree or Plant Type:
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Residential and parks,
- City parkway,
- Wide median
- Shade tree,
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
- Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Zone 5 (Chicago),
- Zone 6,
- Zone 7,
- Zone 8
- Alkaline soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil
- May be difficult to find in nurseries
- Spring blossoms,
- Fragrant flowers
Season of Interest:
- Early summer
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
- Insect pollinators
Tree & Plant Care
This species adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and does well in alkaline soil. It is fairly tolerant of urban settings.
Disease, pests, and problems
Aphids, Japanese beetles, linden borer are possible insect problems.
Verticillium wilt is a possible fungal problem.
Native geographic location and habitat
This tree is native to Europe and Asia.
Bark color and texture
Bark of young trees is a smooth gray, becoming ridged and furrowed with age.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves are heart-shaped with sharply serrated margins. Leaf size can vary from 2 to 5 inches.
In summer, leaves are dark green with varying amounts of pubescence. Fall color is pale yellow.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Creamy yellow flowers in hanging clusters (3 to 6 flowers per cluster) in early summer. Each cluster is accompanied by a long, strap-shaped bract. Very fragrant.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Fruits are small ribbed gray nutlets, accompanied by a long strap-like bract.