A pleasantly aromatic shrub, Bayberry can used in a shrub border, in mass, or informal foundation planting. The loose, open habit, small, waxy, persistent, gray fruit add winter interest and attract many species of birds.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Deciduous (foliage falls off)
- North America
- Zone 3
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
- Dry sites
- Wet sites
- Occasional flooding
- Clay soil
- Road salt
- Acid soil
- Sandy soil
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
- Mixed border
- Mid winter
- Late winter
- Early spring
Size & form
A semi evergreen to deciduous shrub, typically 5 to 6 feet high and wide; can reach 10 feet high.
Shape is irregular to upright with spreading branch habit; multi-stemmed, suckering and colony-forming
Tree & Plant Care
Performs well in full sun to partial shade, best in slightly acidic, moist soil.
Does well on dry, sandy, infertile soils once established.
Tolerant of wet soil and salt spray.
Requires male plant to pollinate for fruit set.
Shallow fibrous root system, slow to establish and will benefits with a layer of mulch to conserve moisture.
Supplemental water in dry periods.
Disease, pests, and problems
None serious. Chlorosis in high pH soils
Native geographic location and habitat
Native along coastal regions in Eastern United States
Attracts birds & butterflies
- Many bird species are attracted to the fruits and for shelter.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
- Alternate; semi-evergreen, leathery, oblong, 1 1/2 to 4 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide.
- Dark green above, pale green beneath, resin dotted; very aromatic when crushed
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Plants are dioecious (separate male and female plants); sometimes monoecious and appear before the new leaves.
Male flowers are small, yellow green catkins; female flowers are single with no sepals or petals
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Female plants produce a small, rounded chalky gray, waxy fruit up and down the stems; fruits persists into winter.
Wax from the fruit is used to make bayberry candles.
Cultivars and their differences
Silver Sprite™ (Myrica pensylvanica 'Morton'): A female clone with dense, compact, broad-oval habit and attractive gray-green foliage, reaching 4 to 5 feet high and 6 to 7 feet wide. A Chicagoland Grows ™ introduction.
Silver Sprite™ (Myrica pensylvanica 'Morton Male'): same superior habit and deep green foliage that Silver Sprite™ displays. This selection has a deep eggplant-purple color during the winter and is an excellent selection to use as a pollinator for Silver Sprite™ to get good fruit production. Zones 4-7.