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TREES & plants

Austrian pine (Not recommended)

Due to susceptibility to many diseases and pests, Austrian pines are not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Disease-resistant cultivars may exist.

Botanical name: 
Pinus nigra
All Common Names: 
Austrian pine
Family (English): 
Pine
Family (Botanic): 
Pinaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Shade
  • Screen
Size Range: 
  • Large tree (more than 40 feet)
Mature Height: 
50-60 feet
Mature Width: 
20-40 feet
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Dry soil
Acid Soils: 
  • Tolerant
Alkaline Soils: 
  • Tolerant
Salt Spray: 
  • Tolerant
Soil Salt: 
  • Intolerant
Drought Conditions: 
  • Tolerant
Poor Drainage: 
  • Tolerant
Foliage: 
  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)
Ornamental Interest: 
  • Attractive bark
Time of Year: 
  • Late spring
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Inconspicuous
  • Yellow
Shape or Form: 
  • Pyramidal
Transplants Well: 
  • No
More Information: 

Size and Form

Austrian pine grows 50 to 60 feet high and 20 to 40 feet wide.  It is densely pyramidal when young, but attains a more open shape as it matures.

Tree & Plant Care

Planting is not recommended due to the tree’s susceptibility to various disease and insect problems.

Disease, pests, and problems

The Austrian pine is susceptible to a number of  fungal diseases including, lophodermium needle cast, sphaeropsis tip blight, and wood rots and decays.  Insects such as the European pine sawfly, various weevils, and the Zimmerman pine moth can damage Austiran pine.  The tree can also be damaged by the yellow-bellied sapsucker.  

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Europe

Bark color and texture 

The tree has plate-like, furrowed bark that is dark brown to black in color. 

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Needles are 3 to 6 inches long and held in bundles of two.  They have a stiff texture, toothed margins and a sharp, horny point.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Monoecious.  Not ornamentally important.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Woody cone;  oval, stalkless;  3 inches long.