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TREES & Plants

Austrian pine

 Austrian pine has been used widely for a number of years.  Due to disease and insect problems it is generally not recommended at this time.

Botanical name: 
Pinus nigra
All Common Names: 
Austrian pine
Family (English): 
Pine
Family (Botanic): 
Pinaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Evergreen (foliage year-round)
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Dry sites
  • Occasional drought
  • Alkaline soil
  • Clay soil
Soil Preference: 
  • Dry soil
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Inconspicuous
Size Range: 
  • Large tree (more than 40 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Pyramidal
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Shade
  • Screen
Time of Year: 
  • Early winter
  • Mid winter
  • Late winter
  • Early spring
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early summer
  • Mid summer
  • Late summer
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
  • Late fall
More Information: 

Size and Form

Austrian pine grows 50 to 60 feet high and 20 to 40 feet wide.  It is densely pyramidal when young, but attains a more open shape as it matures.

Tree & Plant Care

Planting is not recommended due to the tree’s susceptibility to various disease and insect problems.

Disease, pests, and problems

The Austrian pine is susceptible to a number of  fungal diseases including, lophodermium needle cast, sphaeropsis tip blight, and wood rots and decays.  Insects such as the European pine sawfly, various weevils, and the Zimmerman pine moth can damage Austiran pine.  The tree can also be damaged by the yellow-bellied sapsucker.  

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Europe

Bark color and texture 

The tree has plate-like, furrowed bark that is dark brown to black in color. 

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Needles are 3 to 6 inches long and held in bundles of two.  They have a stiff texture, toothed margins and a sharp, horny point.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Monoecious.  Not ornamentally important.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Woody cone;  oval, stalkless;  3 inches long.