Due to susceptibility to many diseases and pests, Austrian pines are not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Disease-resistant cultivars may exist.
- Evergreen (foliage year-round)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Dry sites
- Occasional drought
- Alkaline soil
- Clay soil
- Dry soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Large tree (more than 40 feet)
- Early winter
- Mid winter
- Late winter
- Early spring
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Early summer
- Mid summer
- Late summer
- Early fall
- Mid fall
- Late fall
Size and Form
Austrian pine grows 50 to 60 feet high and 20 to 40 feet wide. It is densely pyramidal when young, but attains a more open shape as it matures.
Tree & Plant Care
Planting is not recommended due to the tree’s susceptibility to various disease and insect problems.
Disease, pests, and problems
The Austrian pine is susceptible to a number of fungal diseases including, lophodermium needle cast, sphaeropsis tip blight, and wood rots and decays. Insects such as the European pine sawfly, various weevils, and the Zimmerman pine moth can damage Austiran pine. The tree can also be damaged by the yellow-bellied sapsucker.
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to Europe
Bark color and texture
The tree has plate-like, furrowed bark that is dark brown to black in color.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Needles are 3 to 6 inches long and held in bundles of two. They have a stiff texture, toothed margins and a sharp, horny point.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Monoecious. Not ornamentally important.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Woody cone; oval, stalkless; 3 inches long.