TREES & plants

Apple serviceberry

Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden.  This tree is a hybrid of two native species of serviceberry. 

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.


Botanical name: 
Amelanchier x grandiflora
All Common Names: 
apple serviceberry, juneberry, shadblow
Family (English): 
Family (Botanic): 
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Planting Site: 
  • Residential and parks
  • City parkway
  • Wide median
  • Under utility lines
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Patio/sidewalk
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
Mature Height: 
20-25 feet
Mature Width: 
20-25 feet
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
Acid Soils: 
  • Tolerant
Alkaline Soils: 
  • Moderately Tolerant
Salt Spray: 
  • Tolerant
Soil Salt: 
  • Intolerant
Drought Conditions: 
  • Moderately Tolerant
Poor Drainage: 
  • Intolerant
  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
Ornamental Interest: 
  • Spring blossoms
  • Fall color
  • Edible fruit
  • Showy fruit
  • Showy flowers
  • Attractive bark
Season of Interest: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Late summer
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Round
  • Spreading
  • Upright
Growth Rate: 
  • Moderate
Transplants Well: 
  • Moderate
  • Birds
More Information: 

Tree & Plant Care

Plants are shallow-rooted and benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures.

Disease, pests and problems

The Apple serviceberry is susceptible to heat and drought stress.  Additionally, susceptible to rust and leaf spots.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.

Native geographic location and habitat

A hybrid between Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis).

Bark color and texture 

Silvery gray, smooth bark develops fissures as it ages.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate, 2-inch long oval to elliptical shaped leaves.
Green leaves turn to yellow and orange in fall.

Apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora)

Flower arrangement, shape and size

Numerous pink-tinged buds open to 5-petaled, white pendulous flowers in the spring.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

The 1/3-inch edible fruit starts out green, changing to red, then blue-black in June.

Cultivars and their differences 

Autumn Brilliance (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color.

Forest Prince  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. 

Princess Diana  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color.

Robin Hill   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color.