Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden.
- Deciduous (foliage falls off)
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Zone 9
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
- Occasional flooding
- Alkaline soil
- Road salt
- Acid soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Mixed border
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Late summer
- Early fall
- Mid fall
Size and Form
20 to 25 feet high and 20 to 25 feet wide; narrow to rounded; suckering
Tree & Plant Care
Plants are shallow-rooted and benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures.
Disease, pests and problems
The Apple serviceberry is susceptible to heat and drought stress. Additionally, susceptible to rust and leaf spots.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity
Native geographic location and habitat
A hybrid between Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)
Attracts birds & butterflies
The tree’s edible blue-black fruit is quickly devoured by birds.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.
Bark color and texture
Silvery gray, smooth bark develops fissures as it ages.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate, 2-inch long oval to elliptical shaped leaves.
Green leaves turn to yellow and orange in fall.
Flower arrangement, shape and size
Numerous pink-tinged buds open to 5-petaled, white pendulous flowers in the spring.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
The 1/3-inch edible fruit starts out green, changing to red, then blue-black in June.
Cultivars and their differences
Autumn Brilliance (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’): 20 to 25 feet high and wide; red fall color
Forest Prince (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; oval habit and red-orange fall color
Princess Diana (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’): 20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color
Robin Hill (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’): 20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color