Apple serviceberry

Fruit of apple serviceberry.

Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden.  This tree is a hybrid between two native serviceberries, downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis).

This plant has some cultivated varieties. Go to list of cultivars.

Botanical name:

Amelanchier x grandiflora

All Common Names:

apple serviceberry, juneberry, shadblow

Family (English):

Rose

Family (Botanic):

Rosaceae

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree

Foliage:

  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Planting Site:

  • Residential and parks,
  • City parkway,
  • Wide median,
  • Under utility lines

Landscape Uses:

  • Massing,
  • Mixed border,
  • Patio/sidewalk,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • Small tree (15-25 feet)

Mature Height:

20-25 feet

Mature Width:

20-25 feet

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily),
  • Partial sun/shade (4-6 hrs light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7,
  • Zone 8,
  • Zone 9

Soil Preference:

  • Acid soil

Acid Soils:

  • Tolerant

Alkaline Soils:

  • Moderately Tolerant

Salt Spray:

  • Tolerant

Soil Salt:

  • Intolerant

Drought Conditions:

  • Moderately Tolerant

Poor Drainage:

  • Intolerant

Ornamental Interest:

  • Spring blossoms,
  • Fall color,
  • Edible fruit,
  • Showy fruit,
  • Showy flowers,
  • Attractive bark

Season of Interest:

  • Mid spring,
  • Late spring,
  • Late summer,
  • Early fall,
  • Mid fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Fragrant,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Multi-stemmed,
  • Round,
  • Upright

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate

Transplants Well:

  • Moderate

Wildlife:

  • Birds

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

Plants are shallow-rooted and benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures.

Disease, pests and problems

The Apple serviceberry is susceptible to heat and drought stress.  Additionally, susceptible to rust and leaf spots.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.

Native geographic location and habitat

A hybrid between Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis).

Bark color and texture 

Silvery gray, smooth bark develops fissures as it ages.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate, 2-inch long oval to elliptical shaped leaves.
Green leaves turn to yellow and orange in fall.

Apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora)

Flower arrangement, shape and size

Numerous pink-tinged buds open to 5-petaled, white pendulous flowers in the spring.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

The 1/3-inch edible fruit starts out green, changing to red, then blue-black in June.

Cultivars and their differences 

Autumn Brilliance apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color.

Cole's Select apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Cole's Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage.

Forest Prince apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. 

Princess Diana apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color.

Robin Hill apple serviceberry   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color.

Location of Amelanchier x grandiflora (Apple serviceberry) at the Arboretum

We do not seem to have this in our living collection.