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TREES & Plants

Apple serviceberry

Apple serviceberry is a wonderful four-season tree with white flowers in the spring, blue-green leaves that turn red in the fall, blue-black edible berries, and smooth silver-gray bark. Excellent for a woodland garden, naturalized setting, or as a specimen plant in a garden.

Botanical name: 
Amelanchier x grandiflora
All Common Names: 
Apple serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadblow
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
  • Zone 9
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
Tolerances: 
  • Occasional flooding
  • Alkaline soil
  • Road salt
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Narrow
  • Round
  • Upright
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Shade
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Patio/sidewalk
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Late summer
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
More Information: 

Size and Form

20 to 25 feet high and 20 to 25 feet wide; narrow to rounded; suckering

Tree & Plant Care

Plants are shallow-rooted and benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures.

Disease, pests and problems

The Apple serviceberry is susceptible to heat and drought stress.  Additionally, susceptible to rust and leaf spots.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Tolerant of black walnut toxicity

Native geographic location and habitat

A hybrid between Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)

Attracts birds & butterflies

The tree’s edible blue-black fruit is quickly devoured by birds.  
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.

Bark color and texture 

Silvery gray, smooth bark develops fissures as it ages.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple, alternate, 2-inch long oval to elliptical shaped leaves.
Green leaves turn to yellow and orange in fall.

Apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora)Apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora)photo: John Hagstrom

Flower arrangement, shape and size

Numerous pink-tinged buds open to 5-petaled, white pendulous flowers in the spring.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

The 1/3-inch edible fruit starts out green, changing to red, then blue-black in June.

Cultivars and their differences 

Autumn Brilliance (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color

Forest Prince  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color  

Princess Diana  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color

Robin Hill   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color