Amur cherry

Spring flowers of Amur cherry.

Amur cherry is an ornamental tree native to Manchuria, Siberia, and Korea. It has beautiful amber to reddish-brown flaking bark; clusters of fragrant, white hanging flowers in spring; and red maturing to black fruit.

Botanical name:

Prunus maackii

All Common Names:

Amur cherry, Amur chokecherry, Manchurian cherry

Family (English):

Rose

Family (Botanic):

Rosaceae

Planting Site:

  • Residential and parks,
  • Wide median

Tree or Plant Type:

  • Tree

Foliage:

  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)

Native Locale:

  • Non-native

Landscape Uses:

  • Massing,
  • Shade tree,
  • Specimen

Size Range:

  • Large tree (more than 40 feet),
  • Medium tree (25-40 feet)

Mature Height:

35-45 feet

Mature Width:

25-35 feet

Light Exposure:

  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)

Hardiness Zones:

  • Zone 3,
  • Zone 4,
  • Zone 5 (Chicago),
  • Zone 6,
  • Zone 7

Soil Preference:

  • Moist, well-drained soil

Acid Soils:

  • Tolerant

Alkaline Soils:

  • Tolerant

Salt Spray:

  • Moderately Tolerant

Soil Salt:

  • Intolerant

Drought Conditions:

  • Tolerant

Poor Drainage:

  • Intolerant

Planting Considerations:

  • May be difficult to find in nurseries

Ornamental Interest:

  • Spring blossoms,
  • Showy flowers,
  • Attractive bark

Season of Interest:

  • Early winter,
  • Mid winter,
  • Late winter,
  • Early spring,
  • Mid spring,
  • Late spring,
  • Mid summer,
  • Early fall,
  • Mid fall

Flower Color & Fragrance:

  • Fragrant,
  • White

Shape or Form:

  • Pyramidal,
  • Round

Growth Rate:

  • Moderate,
  • Fast

Transplants Well:

  • Yes

Wildlife:

  • Birds

More Information:

Tree & Plant Care

Does best in cold climates, intolerant of heat and humidity.
Full sun, tolerant of light shade in well-drained soil. Protected site best.
Prefers a cool root environment, mulch with 3 to 4 inches of wood chips to moderate soil temperatures.
Needs pruning to maintain shape
May be difficult to find in a nursery.

Disease, pests, and problems

Prone to borers, cankers, and Japanese beetle.

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Korea,  Manchuria, & Siberia.

Bark color and texture 

Attractive reddish-brown to golden-brown, exfoliating bark.
Color can vary with age.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Alternate, simple, deciduous leaves, 2 to 4 inches long, ovate leaf shape with serrate leaf margins.
Medium green leaves turn a yellow fall color.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Small, clusters of 2 to 3 inch long white racemes. Flowers are fragrant.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Red fruit matures to black in August. Loved by birds.

Location of Prunus maackii (Amur cherry) at the Arboretum