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TREES & plants

Amur cherry

Amur cherry is an ornamental tree native to Manchuria, Siberia, and Korea. It has beautiful amber to reddish-brown flaking bark; clusters of fragrant, white hanging flowers in spring; and red maturing to black fruit.

Botanical name: 
Prunus maackii
All Common Names: 
Amur cherry, Amur chokecherry, Manchurian cherry
Family (English): 
Rose
Family (Botanic): 
Rosaceae
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
Native Locale: 
  • Non-native
Planting Site: 
  • Residential and parks
  • Wide median
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Shade
  • Massing
  • Patio/sidewalk
Size Range: 
  • Large tree (more than 40 feet)
  • Medium tree (25-40 feet)
Mature Height: 
35-45 feet
Mature Width: 
25-35 feet
Light Exposure: 
  • Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 3
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
Soil Preference: 
  • Acid soil
Acid Soils: 
  • Tolerant
Alkaline Soils: 
  • Tolerant
Salt Spray: 
  • Moderately Tolerant
Soil Salt: 
  • Intolerant
Drought Conditions: 
  • Tolerant
Poor Drainage: 
  • Intolerant
Planting Considerations: 
  • May be difficult to find in nurseries
Foliage: 
  • Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
Ornamental Interest: 
  • Spring blossoms
  • Showy flowers
  • Attractive bark
Season of Interest: 
  • Early winter
  • Mid winter
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Mid summer
  • Early fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • White
Shape or Form: 
  • Pyramidal
  • Round
Growth Rate: 
  • Fast
Transplants Well: 
  • Yes
Wildlife: 
  • Birds
More Information: 

Size & Form

20 to 30 foot tall and 20 to 30 wide
Dense, broadly rounded habit

Tree & Plant Care

Does best in cold climates, intolerant of heat and humidity.
Full sun, tolerant of light shade in well-drained soil. Protected site best.
Prefers a cool root environment, mulch with 3 to 4 inches of wood chips to moderate soil temperatures.
Needs pruning to maintain shape
May be difficult to find in a nursery.

Disease, pest, and problem resistance

Prone to borers, cankers, and Japanese beetle

Native geographic location and habitat

Native to Korea,  Manchuria, & Siberia

Bark color and texture 

Attractive reddish-brown to golden-brown, exfoliating bark
Color can vary with age

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Alternate, simple, deciduous leaves, 2 to 4 inches long, ovate leaf shape with serrate leaf margins
Medium green leaves turn a yellow fall color

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Small, clusters of 2 to 3 inch long white racemes. Flowers are fragrant

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Red fruit matures to black in August. Loved by birds.