American hazelnut, a medium to large-sized suckering shrub, is best used for naturalization. Whether planted in full sun or full shade, this Chicago-area native shrub is a great addition to the Midwestern landscape. Its nuts, maturing from September to October, attract seed-eating birds, such as blue jays and woodpeckers.
- Deciduous (foliage falls off)
- Chicago area
- North America
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
- Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Alkaline soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
Size and Form
6 to 10 feet high and 4 to 6 feet wide; thicket forming with a rounded habit.
Tree & Plant Care
Prune unwanted suckers to maintain size and shape.
Adaptable to a range of soil pH
Disease, pests and problems
Japanese beetles, scale insects, filbert blight
Native geographic location and habitat
Attracts birds & butterflies
Attracts seed eaters, such as blue jays and woodpeckers.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple, alternate leaves; ovate to heart-shaped with a toothed margin.
Green in summer with some mild yellow fall color.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Inconspicuous; tiny male flowers in pendulous catkins; tiny pink females at the end of branches.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Edible hazelnuts (filberts) enclosed in a frilly husk; mature from September to October.