TREES & Plants

Allegheny Serviceberry

Alleghany serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape.  The edible black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds.  


Botanical name: 
Amelanchier laevis
All Common Names: 
Allegheny serviceberry
Family (English): 
Family (Botanic): 
Tree or Plant Type: 
  • Tree
  • Deciduous (foliage falls off)
Native Locale: 
  • Chicago area
  • Illinois
  • North America
Hardiness Zones: 
  • Zone 4
  • Zone 5
  • Zone 6
  • Zone 7
  • Zone 8
Growth Rate: 
  • Medium
Light Exposure: 
  • Partial sun (4-6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Partial shade (4-6 hrs indirect light daily)
  • Occasional drought
  • Alkaline soil
  • Clay soil
Soil Preference: 
  • Moist, well-drained soil
Flower Color & Fragrance: 
  • Fragrant
  • White
Size Range: 
  • Small tree (15-25 feet)
Shape or Form: 
  • Irregular
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Narrow
  • Rounded
Landscape Uses: 
  • Specimen
  • Massing
  • Mixed border
  • Patio/sidewalk
Time of Year: 
  • Mid spring
  • Late spring
  • Early fall
  • Mid fall
More Information: 

Size and Form

20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 18 feet wide; upright

Tree & Plant Care

 An understory tree best sited in part shade.
This is a great  tree for naturalizing.  Wonderful when mixed with conifers and hardwoods.

Disease, pests and problems

No serious problems

Native geographic location and habitat

C-Value: 8
Native to the Midwest and northeastern United States.
Commonly found in wooded areas.

Attracts birds & butterflies

Many birds are attracted to the fruit.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.

Bark color and texture

Bark is smooth and silver-gray, with light vertical stripes.

Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture

Simple and alternate.  Oval leaves emerge with a distinctive red tinge before turning green to dark green. Fall color varies from yellow to orange to red.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size

Fragrant white flowers in May; held on loose clusters.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions

Small, dark purple, 3/8” berry-like fruit (pome)  is edible.

Cultivars and their differences 

Prince Charles   (Amelanchier laevis ‘Prince Charles’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide; Upright form
New leaves emerge bronzy-red, turning blue-green in summer, then change to an attractive orange-red fall color.