Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. The edible black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds.
- Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Chicago area
- North America
- Zone 4
- Zone 5
- Zone 6
- Zone 7
- Zone 8
- Partial sun (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Occasional drought
- Alkaline soil
- Clay soil
- Moist, well-drained soil
- Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Mixed border
- Mid spring
- Late spring
- Early fall
- Mid fall
Size and Form
20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 18 feet wide; upright
Tree & Plant Care
An understory tree best sited in part shade.
This is a great tree for naturalizing. Wonderful when mixed with conifers and hardwoods.
Disease, pests and problems
No serious problems
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to the Midwest and northeastern United States.
Commonly found in wooded areas.
Attracts birds & butterflies
Many birds are attracted to the fruit.
Larval host for striped hairstreak butterfly.
Bark color and texture
Bark is smooth and silver-gray, with light vertical stripes.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Simple and alternate. Oval leaves emerge with a distinctive red tinge before turning green to dark green. Fall color varies from yellow to orange to red.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Fragrant white flowers in May; held on loose clusters.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Small, dark purple, 3/8” berry-like fruit (pome) is edible.
Cultivars and their differences
Prince Charles (Amelanchier laevis ‘Prince Charles’): 20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide; Upright form
New leaves emerge bronzy-red, turning blue-green in summer, then change to an attractive orange-red fall color.