Botanical Name: Celtis occidentalis
Common Name: Hackberry
Click on an image to enlarge
Height: 40-60' Spread: 40-60' Habit/Form: Pyramidal in youth changing to vase-shaped as it ages Growth rate: Medium /Fast Zones: 3 – 9
Cultural Requirements: Prefers full sun (young plants do best in part shade) and tolerant of many soils, wind, and temporary wet conditions
Ornamental Characteristics: Grayish bark with corky warts or ridges
Use in the Landscape: Good for parks and large areas; also does well as a street tree; native to the Midwest
Birds Attracted: 48 + species, including robin, woodpeckers, and brown thrasher
Plant Appeal for Birds: Fruits ripen in late summer, often persisting through winter; nesting site; shelter
Butterfly Caterpillar/larval Host: Hackberry Butterfly, Question Mark, Mourning Cloak, Snout Butterfly, Tawny Emperor (Tawny Emperor rare in the north. Recorded in Cook & Kane, not in DuPage)
Aerial Salt Tolerance: Moderate degree of salt tolerance; use in low salt areas
Plant tolerant of occasional or temporary flooding
Native to Illinois
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